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64 Raseianiai
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Hebrew Index
Family Portraits (originated predominantly in the Vilna region)

Abramowicz | Abramson | Adler | Albin | Alperovitz | Alter | Anisfeld | Arotzker | Astrinsky | Avnaim | Axelrod | Baksht | Barbakov | Barmatz | Basok | Behr | Bekker | Belkind | Bendet Ben Tovim | Bengis | Berger | Berkman | Berkovitz | Berlin | Berman | Bernstein | Berzon | Bloch | Blumenfrucht | Blumenkrantz | Bobrowicz | Bogin | Botwinik | Bozparozbany | Brin | Bronitsky | Bronstein | Brudner | Brudno | Budgor | Budovnitz | Bumstein | Bunimovitz | Cahanovitz | Chabas | Chadash | Chagall | Chait | Charad/Harat | Chayklin | Chedekel | Cheres | Chevlin | Chodes (Hodesh) | Chomsky | Chosid | Codosh | Costrell | Cugell | Cymer | Danishevski | Dardak | Davidson | Deitch | Demsky | Deutsch | Dikenstein | Dimenstein | Dinnerstein | Diskin | Dlot | Dokshitzki | Dolgow | Dorfan | Drechinski | Drenger | Druyanov | Dubin | Dudman | Dunkelblum | Durmashkin | Dworzecki | Ehrlich | Eidelman | Eishiski | Ekman | Elkes | Elyashiv | Epstein | Erenburg | Etkind | Evans | Falk | Farberman | Feigel | Feingold | Ferber | Fertig | Feygelson | Finder | Finkel | Flant | Frankfurt | Friedman | Furman | Futerfas| Garber | Garfinkel | Garnun | Gdud | Gelman | Gershovitz | Gershwin | Gerstein | Ginsburg | Gitelzon | Gitlin | Gitlitz | Gold | Goldman | Goldstoff | Golob | Gordin | Gordon | Gornitzky | Gorodesky | Greenholtz | Greenhouse | Greenstein | Grosbein | Gross | Grundfest | Gumplowicz | Gurevitz | Gurfein | Gutman | Gutwirth | Halperin Galperin | Harkavy | Harris | Hayutin | Heifetz | Helberg | Herzog | Highstein | Hillman | Hochstein | Hofenberg | Hoffman | Hollander | Isaacson | Israelit | Jackan | Jaffe | Kagan | Kaganovich | Kahan | Kalish | Kalka | Kamenetsky | Kanterovitz | Kantor | Kapit | Kaplan | Kaswan | Katz | Katznelson | Katzowitz | Kazalovski | Kisber | Kivilovitz | Klaczko | Klausner | Kline | Klingberg | Knoblauch | Kopilovitz | Korngold | Kosovsky | Kotler | Kowarski | Kramnik | Krechmer | Kreines | Kremer | Kriger | Krivitsky | Kugel | Kulbak | Kunin | Kunstler | Kuperstock | Kur | Kushner | Kuzenitz | Landau | Lane | Laskov | Laufer | Lavit | Leibmann | Lemberger | Levin | Levitan | Lieberman | Liff | Lifshitz | Limon | Lipetz | Lipson | Lunin | Luntz | Luria | Macht | Madeisker Madesker | Magid | Maisel | Malbin | Malishkevitz | Malkin | Mandel | Matusov | Meirovitz | Meitin | Melamed | Meltzer | Mer | Milchan | Milikowsky | Mon | Mordehowicz | Mosberg | Mushkin | Norman | Oshri | Pablovsky | Palevsky | Papkin | Parlov | Pauker | Pearlman | Pelavin | Penski | Perlin | Persky | Peschkowsky | Pines | Pintov | Podberesky | Pokempner | Pont | Popel | Potashnik | Ptalis | Pupkin | Rabin | Rabinovitz | Rabunski | Raichel |Rakower | Reitshtein | Reznik | Riar | Ritov | Rogovin | Rogozin | Rolnik | Romm | Rosen | Rosenberg | Rosenblum | Rosenson | Rubin | Rubinson | Rubinstein | Ruderman | Rutkowski | Sacks | Saliternik | Sandler | Schlesinger | Schneerson | Schreibman | Segal | Shapiro | Sharett | Sheinhous | Shenker | Shepsenwohl | Shereshevsky | Sherman | Shertok | Sheskin | Shiff | Shimshelvitz | Shiniyuk | Shmukler | Shochat | Shoolman | Shorr | Shperber | Shpringer | Shrebnick | Shriro | Shubitz | Shulkin | Shulman | Shuster | Silberfeld | Simon | Sklut | Skolnick | Skuk | Slutsky | Smorgonski | Sobol | Solonowitz | Soloveichik | Sosensky | Sparber | Spektor | Spilka |Spreiregen | Srebnik | Strashun | Streisand | Strunsky | Stupel | Sud | Sudowicz | Sutzkever | Swirsky | Szewach | Szyszko | Tabachovitz | Taibel | Tarshish | Tauger | Teitz | Todres | Turov | Twersky | | Vand Polak | Vaksmakher | Viniar | Vishniak | Volansky | Volcani | Vorfman | Wainer | Wasserman | Weinberg | Weindling | Weisbord | Wilbushevitz | Wilder | Wilkanski | Wolfowich | Wouk | Wulkan || Yadlovker | Yafe | Yakimovsky | Yatzkan | Yudelowitz | Zafransky | Zaltzman | Zandman  | Zavodnick | Zecharia | Zeidlin | Zeldin | Zelmanovich | Zimbal | Zimmerman | Ziskind | Zonabend Sonnabend | Zuckerman | Zusman

 

Jewish Political Movements in the Early 20th Century

The Bund

Bund

#B-001

1905 
Siedlce 
 
"Wounded Jews. This photo of "young revolutionaries" the commander of a Tsarist regiment claimed he had attacked (inside a synagogue after a May Day demonstration by the Bund [Jewish Socialist Labor Party]) was sent to Minister Stolypin with a protest." ('Jewish Daily Forward')

Bund

#B-002

890's 
Siauliai 
 
Formal portrait of a Jewish Socialist Bund group: (l-r) David Moffs ("now in Pretoria, South Africa"), Morris Vinocur (Weiner, "now in Chicago"), "Orke" Kessler, Bernard Feldman (now "Forward" representative in Springfield, Ma.) ('Forward' spread, 1937).

Bund

#B-003

1905 
Vileyka 
 
Polish and Russian Social Democrats and members of the Jewish Socialist Bund pose with banners and wreaths during an outdoor demonstration to honor the victims of the October 1905 pogrom.

Bund

#B-004

1930's 
Cracow 
 
Portrait of Dr. Leon Feiner, Dr. Salo Fiszgrund, Dr. Henryk Schreiber, Bursztyn, Herman Berger, Kuther, Wolfgang, Moyshe Pelcman-Glazer, Kupfer, and other activists of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-005

1905 
Grodno 
 
Studio portrait of young men and woman, members of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund. (Part of a photo essay in the 'Jewish Daily Forward', 1929: "Jewish Revolutionaries Of The Past.")

Bund

#B-006

1920's 
Gabin 
 
Studio portrait of (right to left) Henokh Goldschmidt, his wife Rokhl Preyzinger Goldschmidt and their friend Shloyme Adler. Goldscmidt, from a Hasidic background, became active in revolutionary movements. He was a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-007

1909 
Gabin 
 
Four young leather workers outdoors: (r to l) an apprentice, Yekel Tiber, Henokh Goldschmidt (who had just left the yeshiva) and a young worker from Kutno. Goldschmidt, from a Hasidic background, later became a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-008

ca. 1920s 
Gdynia 
 
Outdoor portrait of members of Tsukunft (Jewish Socialist Bund youth group): (4th from left) Sergej Nutkiewicz.

Bund

#B-009

1938 
Grabow 
 
Outdoor portrait of members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-010

Kalisch 
 
Studio portrait of Yudi Perle, a Tsarist agent-provocateur, member of the local committee of the Jewish Socialist Bund during 1903-1905.

Bund

#B-011

1933 
Kazimierz 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing in uniform, at their first summer camp.

Bund

#B-012

1933 
Kazimierz 
 
Young people working outdoors by a tent, at the first summer camp of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund).

Bund

#B-013

1936 
Kazimierz 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing by a horse-drawn wagon of hay at a summer camp.

Bund

#B-014

1936 
Kazimierz 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing in a clearing in the woods while attending summer camp.

Bund

#B-015

1936 
Kazimierz 
 
"Hygiene Day" at a summer camp run by Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund): men and women wearing white paper hats in the woods.

Bund

#B-016

1936-37 
Kazimierz 
 
"Line-up": young men and women stand at attention at a summer camp run by Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund).

Bund

#B-017

1936 
Kazimierz 
 
At the castle of Kazimierz the Great: members of a Tsukunft (youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) summer camp on a hike.

Bund

#B-018

1936 
Kazimierz 
 
On a hike to the castle of Kazimierz the Great: members of a Tsukunft (youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) summer camp posing in front of the bastille.

Bund

#B-019

1905 
Pinsk 
 
Formal portrait in the snow of the Bund Fighting Organization . ('Jewish Daily Forward' caption in Yiddish:) "...When Jewish youth armed themselves to defend themselves against the bands perpetrating pogroms..."

Bund

#B-020

1906 
Radziwillow 
 
Studio portrait of the Jewish Socialist Bund organization of the city.

Bund

#B-021

1905 
Rovno 
 
"Bundists of 20 years ago. Interesting Russian-Jewish types of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund... Second from right [standing] is D. Shier, our 'Forward' representative in Minneapolis." ("Jewish Daily Forward" Yiddish caption.)

Bund

#B-022

pub. Nov. 21, 1926 
Warsaw 
photo by: Kacyzne, Alter 
"A cooperative workshop of the [Jewish Socialist Labor] Bund" ('Jewish Daily Forward' caption).

Bund

#B-023

ca. 1905 
Chudnov 
 
Vignetted portraits of three young men, "members of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund's self-defense organization killed April 23-26, 1905 in Chudnov" (printed in Russian and Yiddish). (Left to right) P. Gorvits, Y. Brodski, and A. Fleysher. (A postcard.)

Bund

#B-024

Minsk 
 
Formal outdoor family portrait: (Yiddish caption) "Dr. Dovid Medem, G. [Gina]Medem's father, and his children: the child in the blouse [lower r] is the little Vladimir Medem [later a Bund leader]." Three men wear uniforms; woman in puffed sleeves stands (r).

Bund

#B-025

1905 
Minsk 
 
Portrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund wounded in the October pogrom: young men and women, some bandaged or wearing slings.

Bund

#B-026

Minsk 
 
Portrait of Zhenia Horowitz, a prominent member of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-027

ca. 1905 
Odessa 
 
After a pogrom: the corpses of murdered victims, members of the Jewish Socialist Bund, draped in banners. (Included in a photo spread: "Odessa: The Murdered Members Of The Self-Defense," in the Petrograd Yiddish newspaper "Der Fraynd" [The Friend].)

Bund

#B-028

ca. 1900 
Odessa 
photo by: Mulman, K. 

Vignetted studio portrait of Yankl, a young man wearing an embroidered Russian blouse, standing, with arms crossed: (written on back in Yiddish) "Yankl, one of the founders of the Bund together with me, B. Litman, Toronto, Canada."

Bund

#B-029

Odessa 
 
Studio portrait of Greynim, a young man (with arms crossed, in a striped Russian blouse): (written on back in Yiddish) "Greynim, one of the first ten members of the Bund, together with me, B. Litman, Toronto."

Bund

#B-030

Dec. 8-17, 1917 
St. Petersburg 
 
Portrait of participants (men and women) to the 8th conference of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund. Bund leaders sit in the front row: (r-l from the 3rd person) M. Litvak, M. Rafes, Liber, Rakhmiel Vaynshteyn, Raphael Abramovitch, Henryk Erlich (of Warsaw).

Bund

#B-031

1904 
Yakutsk 
 
Outdoor portrait of "the group of political exiles who barricaded themselves in Romanov's house" (Yiddish caption): men (some in fur hats) and women near wooden buildings. (A photograph published by the Jewish Socialist Bund.)

Bund

#B-032

1904 
Yakutsk 
 
Outdoor portrait of Yuri Matlakhov, a Social Democrat killed on March 4: a young man in winter clothes in the snow. (A photograph published by the Jewish Socialist Bund.)

Bund

#B-033

1904 
Yakutsk 
 
Montage of (numbered) photographs and illustrations relating to the Yakutsk Protest Group (published by the Jewish Socialist Bund): (no.37) the Romanov house where protesters were barricaded; (no. 18) "The dog -- the letter-carrier" (Yiddish captions).

Bund

#B-034

pub. 1905 
Zhitomir 
 
Studio portrait of Leybe Vaynshteyn, a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund, killed on April 24, 1905 during a pogrom as he took part in its self-defense activities. (A postcard published by the Bund.)

Bund

#B-035

Before 1905 
Warsaw 
 
Vignetted studio portraits of (left) E. Cohen and (right) twenty-two-year-old Shloyme Margolin, both killed during a demonstration in April 1905. (From a photo spread on a postcard printed by the Jewish Socialist Bund.)

Bund

#B-036

ca. 1906 
Kaunas 
 
Studio portrait of young men, members of a Jewish Socialist Bund self-defense group: (accompanying Yiddish letter by N. Levine) "Beynush Korber [now known as Benny Garber] is sitting in the bottom row, with the littlewhiskers."

Bund

#B-037

Oct. 15, 1923 
Telsiai 
 
Group portrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund: young men and women. ( Standing, third from right, with a pince-nez) Sheve Raivits, a teacher at the Jewish 'folkshul' (elementary school).

Bund

#B-038

ca. 1923 
Telsiai 
 
Studio portrait of Jewish Socialist Bund members: (standing, center) Nisn Pups, "a well-known Bundist leader in Vilna and in Lithuania... Came to a violent end in the 'Red Garden of Eden' [the Soviet Union]..." (1st and 2nd from l) Raivits and Yafe.

Bund

#B-039

Telsiai 
 
Portrait of Nisn Pups, a leader of the Bund in Vilna and Lithuania who later met a violent death in the Soviet Union.

Bund

#B-040

Turn of the century 
Vilkaviskis 
 
The boy's secondary school: (on back in Yiddish) "This is the building where the soldiers used to muster, and also where big meetings of the brushmakers would take place, as well as discussions between the Jewish Socialist Bund and Poalei Zion members."

Bund

#B-041

ca. 1930 
Riga 
 
Participants in a Jewish Socialist Bund demonstration pose on a street. (Yiddish signs, l to r) "Adults -- Work, Children -- Bread!..."; "Against Militarization!"; "For the Socialist Order!"; "Working Youth. All in the ranks of the Bund!"

Bund

#B-042

1904 
Pinsk 
 
Studio portrait of Jewish Socialist Bund members, two of whom (Joe Kaplan and Charlie Siegel) later emigrated to the USA.

Bund

#B-043

Tomaszew 
 
The Bund family with their many children.

Bund

#B-044

January 27-28, 1934 
Latvia 
 
At a Jewish Socialist Bund conference: a man (standing, r) addresses participants. (Yiddish banners) "Work and bread for every worker" and "Latvian S.D. [Social Democrats] against the bourgeoisie!" (Portraits, 2nd and 3rd from r) Vladimir Medem and Karl Marx.

Bund

#B-045

1937 
Iwanicz Zdroj 
 
Abraham Penzik (right) and his daughter Irena (left). With them are a Jewish industrialist and two members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-046

1930 
Miedzyrzec 
 
Studio portrait of the city council: (l to r) Shloyme Kamien (a Folkist); Bentsien Sheynmel (a Folkist); the mayor of Korbak (a non-Jew); Berl Vernitsky (B. Warren), a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund; and Gursky (a non-Jew), a deputy of the Sejm.

Bund

#B-047

1933 
Pinsk 
 
Outdoor portrait of young members of the Jewish Socialist Bund's Morgnshtern sports club: (seated, left to right, in dark suits) Bund board members L. Kaplan, Y. Urbaytl and Sh. Mandlboym; (seated between them) instructor T.L. Fraynd.

Bund

#B-048

1936 
Miedzeszyn 
photo by: Vishniac, Roman 
Portrait of a young boy - an actor from the Jewish Socialist Bund's "Mir kumen on" (We Are Coming), a film about the Medem Sanatorium.

Bund

#B-049

ca. 1900 
Chudnov 
 
Portrait of members of the fire brigade (est. 1891), with pump and water-wagons: (4th from r, marked with arrow) Khayem Taffel. (Written in Yiddish) "Among them are participants in the [Jewish Socialist] Bund's self-defense group killed [in 1905]."

Bund

#B-050

1905 
Odessa 
 
Group portrait of a Bund self-defense group at the cemetery with the banner-draped corpses of three of their leaders, Visotski, Sheltipsi and Yekhiel.

Bund

#B-051

ca. 1935 
Miedzeszyn 
 
A line of children on a hillside at the Jewish Socialist Bund 's Medem Sanatorium. (Yiddish headline) "On the tenth anniversary of the Medem Sanatorium."

Bund

#B-052

ca. 1900 
Miedzyrzec 
photo by: Rafael 
Studio portrait of `Avrom der blinder' (Avrom the Blind), a Jewish Socialist Bund organizer of workers in the brush manufacturing industry.

Bund

#B-053

1920s-30s 
Vilna 
photo by: Grossman, Moryc 

The house in which the Jewish Socialist Bund was founded in 1897.

Bund

#B-054

Before World War I 
Pinsk 
 
Studio portrait of young members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-055

Lipno 
 
Portrait of members of the Bund.

Bund

#B-056

1936 
Lodz 
 
Speakers address crowds at the funeral of Yisroel Lichtenstein, leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-057

1936 
Lodz 
 
Crowds watch the funeral procession of Yisroel Lichtenstein, leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-058

1936 
Lodz 
 
Notables at the funeral of Yisroel Lichtenstein, leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-059

1914 
Lodz 
 
Studio portrait of Khaim Zylbermintz, a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-060

1908 
Lodz 
 
Studio portrait of four young people, members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-061

Before World War I 
Lodz 
 
Studio portrait of Hersh Leyb Brenman, an activist in the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-062

1930's 
Lodz 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) standing in a courtyard at Przejarz No.9.

Bund

#B-063

1930s 
Lubartow 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) in uniform at a ceremony around a flagpole.

Bund

#B-064

1931 
Lublin 
 
Portrait of the Kalmen Kamashnmakher Chapter of the Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund), in uniform and holding copies of the Tsukunft publication, "Youth-Waker."

Bund #B-065
Bund

#B-066

1925-39 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Shmulik Minawsky, from Przytyk and another child, at an outdoor meal at the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium.

Bund

#B-067

1936 
Minsk Mazowiecki 
 
In a reading room at the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium: two boys, one of whom reads the Yiddish newspaper, "Folkstsaytung."

Bund

#B-068

1925-39 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Three girls at an outdoor meal at the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium.

Bund

#B-069

ca. 1936 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Two boys at the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium: (Yiddish caption) "They don't want to go home."

Bund

#B-070

1936 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Scenes from "Mir Kumen On," Alexander Ford's 1936 film about the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium: children eating. (Yiddish captions, clockwise from top) "He thinks it's forbidden to eat seconds," "How tasty it is," "Bon Appetit!"

Bund

#B-071

ca. 1935 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Two children at a dovecote at the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium.

Bund

#B-072

1936 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Scene from "Mir Kumen On" (We Are On The Way), Alexander Ford's 1936 film about the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium: a girl reads the "news of the day" at breakfast. (Yiddish caption) "They give you a lot of food there, five times a day..."

Bund

#B-073

1925-39 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Nuns pose for an outdoor portrait on a visit to the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium.

Bund

#B-074

1938 
Miedzeszyn 
 
While on a trip to the Jewish Socialist Bund's Medem Sanatorium: Jewish youth from Otwock pose for a groupportrait in front of a picket fence.

Bund

#B-075

1930's 
Miedzyrzec 
 
(Left to right) Rokhl Elncwajg, Feyge Goldfarb, Toyvye Czarny, and Moyshe Erdfarb, members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund), in a small boat.

Bund

#B-076

1930s 
Miedzyrzec 
 
Studio portrait of young activists of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund): Feyge Goldfarb, Toyvye Czarny, Rokhl Elncwajg, Moyshe Erdfarb, and others. The banners read (in Yiddish): "Knowledge Is Power! Unity Is Power!"

Bund

#B-077

1920s-30s 
Mlawa 
 
Studio portrait of Yisroel Alter, brother of Victor Alter, a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-078

1934 
Mloczyn 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) and Morgenshtern from Mlawa, posing during an outing.

Bund

#B-079

1935 
Novoyelnya 
 
Men and women posing in uniform at the Y. Chmurner camp duirng the regional conference of the youth movement of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-080

1935 
Novoyelnya 
 
Members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, pose at the Y. Chmurner camp during a regional conference.

Bund

#B-081

1920s-30s 
Nowy Dwor 
 
Khayem Rudawski, leader of the local Jewish Socialist Bund, speaking to a crowd at a May Day demonstration in the marketplace. The banner (right of center) reads in Polish and Yiddish, "Down With Militarism."

Bund

#B-082

1936 
Pinsk 
 
At an exhibition at the Jewish Trade School for Girls: a montage of photographs (Karl Marx at center) and publications in Yiddish, Russian and Polish from the first seven years of the Jewish Labor Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia (founded in 1897).

Bund

#B-083

1906 
Pinsk 
 
Bund activists: (sitting r-l) Moyshe Adler, shoemaker; Shloyme Zeleznikow, leader of a self-defense group; Yankev Gurin, one of the first political prisoners from Pinsk; Zelig, died fighting Petlyura's forces; (standing) Shimen and Moyshe Furman.

Bund

#B-084

1905 
Pinsk 
 
Portrait of members of the local Jewish Socialist Bund party committee.

Bund

#B-085

Before 1937 
Pinsk 
photo by: Katz 

Studio portrait of the Mikhalevich circle of the Yugnt Bund Tsukunft (Bundist youth group), among them A. J. Szlakman (3rd from left, 2nd row) and "Blind" Motl Fishko (seated, 2nd from right). (Two girls hold a portrait of the group's namesake.)

Bund

#B-086

1931 
Piotrkow 
 
On a trip: members of the Tsukunft and Morgnshtern, two youth groups of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-087

1920s-30s 
Plock photo by: Nowoczesna

Local leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund gathered for a studio portrait on the occasion of member G. Spector's departure for Switzerland.

Bund

#B-088

1937 
Pruszkow 
 
Portrait of young and old members of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Yiddish banner) "Long Live The International Proletariat."

Bund

#B-089

1930 
Pruzhany 
 
Outdoor portrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund, posing with a portrait of Vladimir Medem (right).

Bund

#B-090

February 27, 1939 
Peremyshl 
 
A board meeting of the I. L. Peretz library dedicated to the 24th anniversary of I. L. Peretz's death, held in the local Jewish Socialist Bund office. The banner (hung on the left wall) reads "Freedom--Equality--Brotherhood."

Bund

#B-091

February 2, 1939 
Peremyshl 
 
Group portrait of the board of the I.L. Peretz Library in the Jewish Socialist Bund office during a celebration of the 29th anniversary of the library's founding.

Bund

#B-092

1906 
Radziwillow 
 
Studio portrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-093

ca. 1904 
Siedlce 
 
Studio portrait of intellectuals and cultural activists: (seated, r-l) Rozenzumen of the Bund; writer and editor Yoshue (Joshua) Goldberg; playwright Yoyel (Joel) Mastbaum; feuilletonist and dramaturg Yankev (Jacob) Tenenboim; (standing, r-l) culture activist Moyshe Mandelman; Peysekh Sapozshnik of the Bund; Avrom Ziklugens; Meyer Slushni, "a revolutionary."

Bund

#B-094

1903 
Stressin 
 
Studio portrait of members of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund. ('Jewish Daily Forward' caption in English:) "An interesting group of revolutionaries..."

Bund

#B-095

1902 
Lyady 
 
Studio portrait of members of the local organization of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund, young men dressed in the style of Russian proletarians. (Part of a photo essay in the "Jewish Daily Forward," 1927: "Bundist Men And Women Of The Past.")

Bund

#B-096

1905 
Riga 
 
Studio portrait: "The General Executive Board of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund in Riga..." ('Jewish Daily Forward' caption, 1928.)

Bund

#B-097

1906 
Kishinev 
 
Studio portrait: "The executive committee of the [Jewish Socialist] Bund in Kishinev... Standing far right is M. L. Polin, now of Baltimore. The woman in the picture is Khayke Polin, his sister." (From "Forward' photo essay on revolutionaries, 1932.)

Bund

#B-098

1904 
Berdichev 
 
Studio portrait: seven young men and a woman (standing center), members of the the [Jewish Socialist] Bund. (Part of a 'Jewish Daily Forward' photo spread, 1934: "Jewish Revolutionaries Of The Past.")

Bund

#B-099

1905 
Vitebsk 
 
Studio portrait: "'Yoshke the tinsmith' and 'Moshke the curly head' -- as these two young people were known in the [Jewish Socialist] Bundist circles... Between them stand the sisters Khane and Mishke, also active in tbe Bund..." ('Forward', 1934.)

Bund

#B-100

1928 
Siemiatycze 
 
Portrait of the Committee of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund: (seated, l-r) Yankl Szmarik (Treasurer); Anshl Czechanowicz (Chairman); Shaye Trotz (Chairman); and M. Zolts, S. Sonenfeld, Zalmen Kominiar, Ides Goldberg and others.

Bund

#B-101

Skidel 
 
Members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, pose at an outdoor meeting.

Bund

#B-102

1917 
Skierniewice 
 
Outdoor portrait of men and women members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-103

May 1, 1931 
Staszow 
photo by: Rotenberg, A. 

May Day: members of the Jewish Socialist Bund posing for an outdoor group portrait. The flag reads in Yiddish: "Long Live The Bund."

Bund

#B-104

June 2-3, 1930 
Stolin 
 
At the convention: members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) from Pinsk posing for an outdoor group portrait.

Bund

#B-105

1930 
Sucha 
 
Children from the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund on a trip to the mountains.

Bund

#B-106

1927 
Svisloch 
 
Studio portrait of 2 children of Leyzer and Soreke Fuks. (Leyzer was a worker in a leather factory, and a memberof the Jewish Socialist Bund. Soreke, a community activist, was known as "Soreke dem bords" (Soreke, Beard's) in reference to her father.)

Bund

#B-107

After World War I 
Svisloch 
 
Studio portrait of Neshke Sulies, one of the first women workers to join the Jewish Socialist Bund. She was also active in the 'khevre line' (society to give overnight lodging).

Bund

#B-108

1908 
Svisloch 
 
Vignetted studio portrait of Moyshe Kanengiser, a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund. He worked in a leather factory until 1908 and then moved to Warsaw where he trained as a dental laboratory technician.

Bund

#B-109

1908 
Svisloch 
 
Studio portrait of Alter Lewinczyk and an unidentified Russian teacher. (Both were members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.)

Bund

#B-110

1919 
Szydlowiec 
 
Studio portrait of Weinreich, a leading activist in the local Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-111

1928 
Tarnow 
 
Outdoor portrait of members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, posing with a portrait of an unidentified political figure).

Bund

#B-112

May 1, 1930 
Tarnow 
 
On May Day: members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, assembled outdoors under a balcony, holding a banner and framed portraits of political figures (including Vladimir Medem and Karl Marx).

Bund

#B-113

1929 
Tarnow 
 
Group portrait of members of the 'Bundishe boyuvke' (the "tough squad" of the Jewish Socialist Bund) who acted as marshals in the May Day demonstration. (Young men in front hold a framed portrait of an unidentified political figure.)

Bund

#B-114

1927 
Tarnow 
 
Outdoor portrait of children and staff of a summer camp for working-class children sponsored by the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-115

January 18, 1933 
Tomaszew 
 
Studio portrait of Jakubowicz, a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-116

Late 1930s 
Warsaw 
 
Avrumele Szenker's grave, just visited. The tombstone reads in Yiddish: "...the son of Arn and Freyde, shot to death at the age of 5 by fascist murderers" attacking a Bundist May Day demonstration in 1937. (Erected by the City Committee of the Bund.)

Bund

#B-117

1936 
Warsaw 
 
Young men with banners at a joint May Day demonstration organized by the Jewish Socialist Bund and Poalei-Zion Left (a Labor Zionist party).

 

Bund

#B-118

May 1, 1937 
Warsaw 
 
Men stand at attention with banners during a speech by Y. Goldberg at a May Day demonstration organized by the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-119

1936 
Warsaw 
photo by: Bornstein 

Men and women with banners at a joint May Day demonstration organized by the Jewish Socialist Bund and Poalei-Zion Left (a Labor Zionist party).

Bund

#B-120

Warsaw 
 
Studio portrait of Henryk Erlich (1882-1941), a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund, a city councilman, and member of the board of the Warsaw Kehilla (Jewish community council).

Bund

#B-121

Warsaw 
 
Vignetted studio portrait of Jewish Socialist Bund leader Victor Alter as a high school student.

Bund

#B-122

Warsaw 
 
Studio portrait of Dr. Ludwik Honigwill (1887-1977), lawyer, defender of political cases, vice chairman of the Socialist Lawyers Association in Poland, and a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-123

pub. 1925 
Warsaw 
 
A May Day parade of the Jewish Socialist Bund headed by Henryk Erlich and Wiktor Alter.

Bund

#B-124

Warsaw 
Ars 
Postcard portrait of "Yanek," Yoysef Yankelevitsh (1887-1920), an activist in the Jewish Socialist Bund and the printers' union.

Bund

#B-125

Warsaw 
photo by: Mapjanfuks 

Studio prtrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund: (right to left) Noyekh (Yekutiel) Portnoy, Felicja Abarbanel, Irenka Goldberg-Kshevitska, and Yerakhmiel Vaynshteyn.

Bund

#B-126

December 14, 1937 
Warsaw 
 
Group portrait of delegates from Galicia to the 40th Anniversary Convention of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-127

December, 1937 
Warsaw 
 
Portrait of the delegation from Czestochowa at the 40th Anniversary Convention of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-128

1937 
Warsaw 
 
Warsaw newspaper distributors pose at a banquet at the 40th Anniversary Convention of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-129

1930s 
Warsaw 
 
A Jewish Socialist Bund delegation from Amszczonow at the funeral of Josef Leszczynski (Chmurner), a Bundist leader: men and women with wreaths posing in front of the Pol printing shop, which advertises the printing of posters and leaflets.

Bund

#B-130

1930s 
Warsaw 
photo by: Bornstein 

Procession at the funeral of Josef Leszczynski (Chmurner), a leader of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-131

1931 
Warsaw 
 
Delegates from Pruzana pose with a banner at the Nationwide Convention of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-132

1931 
Warsaw 
 
Delegates from Wegrow, Grodno, and other cities march with banners in a parade at the Nationwide Convention of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-133

1931 
Warsaw 
 
Girls in an outdoor athletic performance at the Nationwide Convention of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-134

1936 
Warsaw 
 
Young men and women pose at banquet of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-135

1937 
Warsaw 
 
A group of members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, pose at the Warsaw Zoo.

Bund

#B-136

July-August, 1927 
Warsaw 
 
Studio portrait of Leib Berman (seated, center), "a well-known member" of the Jewish Socialist Bund, with other carpentry instructors in Jewish trade schools, in Warsaw for qualifying courses.

Bund

#B-137

pub. 1925 
Warsaw 
 
Participants of the 2nd Yiddish School Convention at the City Hall: Y. Lev, Y. Rozen, S. Rozenberg, Arn Shenitski, Arn Wahl, Arthur Shmuel Zygelboim. (Yiddish note) "The Left Poalei Zion took up the whole left side; the right side was taken by the Bund."

Bund

#B-138

Vilna 
photo by: Grossman, Moryc 

The house in which the Jewish Socialist Bund was founded in 1897.

Bund

#B-139

1923-1924 
Vilna 
photo by: Brudner, B. 

Studio portrait of the Vilna Committee of the Jewish Socialist Bund: (1st row, r-l) Israel Okun, M. Litwak, Anna Rosental, J. Zoleznikow; (2nd row) L. Wajnsztajn, Rebecca Epsztajn, chairman Grisha Abelowicz, Aronowicz.

Bund

#B-140

1919 
Vilnius 
 
The body of Arn Wajter (Ajzik Mayer Dejweniszki), active member of the Jewish Socialist Bund and once imprisoned in Siberia. Wajter was shot by a Polish soldier during the 1919 pogroms.

Bund

#B-141

ca. 1935 
Vilnius 
photo by: Grossman, Moryc 

The tombstone of Arn Wajter (Ajzik Mayer Dejweniszki), a Jewish Socialist Bund activist who was killed by a Polish soldier during the pogroms of 1919. (His tombstone is a statue of the Polish eagle.)

Bund

#B-142

1935 
Vilna 
 
Abraham Morewski speaking at the tomb of Arn Wajter (Ajzik Mayer Dejweniszki), a Jewish Socialist Bund activist who was killed by a Polish soldier during the 1919 pogroms. (His tombstone is a statue of the Polish eagle.)

Bund

#B-143

1934 
Vilna 
photo by: Szer 
Group portrait of members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) assembled for a banquet with Wirgily Kahan and Zeleznikov (seated near front in center).

Bund

#B-144

1933 
Vilna 
 
The YIVO exhibit on Jewish social movements: the section on the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-145

1933 
Vilna 
 
The YIVO exhibit on Jewish social movements: the section on the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-146

Before WWI 
Vilna 
 
Studio portrait of actor Chaim Schneur ( Hamerow) (standing, right), later a member of the Vilna Troupe, with a group of friends, members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-147

1922 
Wloclawek 
 
Studio portrait of an unidentified group of children and adults, perhaps associated with the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-148

1920's 
Wloclawek 
photo by: Shtan 

Studio portrait of members of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-149

1933 
Wloclawek 
photo by: Bernardi 

Montage of portraits of members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-150

August 15, 1927 
Brok 
photo by: Neyman, Y. 

Formal group portrait in the woods: unidentified members of Tsukunft (Jewish Socialist Bund youth movement).

Bund

#B-151

1930s 
Zamosc 
phopto by: Ginsburg, M. 

Members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, posing with the black-shrouded portrait of a dead comrade and a banner reading, "Long live the `Yugnt Bund Zukunft'."

Bund

#B-152

1931 
Zaromb 
 
Group portrait of members of Yugnt, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-153

1930s 
Zdunska Wola 
 
A funeral procession for an unidentified member of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-0154

July 28, 1928 
Zdunska Wola 
 
Group portrait of participants in the "4th Outing" of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-155

Zelechow 
 
Outdoor portrait of members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-156

After 1923 
Poland 
 
A memorial for Bundist leader Vladimir Medem, with the banner of the Jewish Socialist Bund and a picture of Medem.

Bund

#B-157

1927 
Poland 
 
Heavily retouched portrait of G. Sibert, journalist, member of the Jewish Socialist Bund, and chairman of the emigration office of the national council of the clothing workers' union.

Bund

#B-158

1931 
Vienna 
 
The Bund delegation to the Socialist International: (sitting l-r) Y. Likhtenshteyn, H. Erlich, A. Rosental, Noyekh, A. Zelmanovitsh, Kh. Peskin; (2nd row) G. Zibert, V. Alter, Kh. Pizhits (?), E. Sherer; (3rd row) Sh. Hertz, E. Novogrodski, M. Ozhekh.

Bund

#B-159

1920s-30s 
Poland 
 
On an outing: members of Tsukunft and Morgnshtern (youth movements of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing together on a walk.

Bund

#B-160

On an outing: members of Tsukunft and Morgnshtern (youth organizations of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing together on a walk.

Bund

#B-161

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
Members of Tsukunft (the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund) sitting together along the side of a wooden building, at a summer camp in the mountains, "at the time of the famous flood."

Bund

#B-162

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
"The household committee" cutting vegetables in a clearing in the woods at a summer camp in the mountains for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-163

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
Teenagers posing in front of a fence, at a summer camp in the mountains for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-164

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
Teenagers resting on a hillside, while on an outing at a summer camp for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-165

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
"At our field kitchens" in the woods, at a summer camp in the mountains for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-166

ca. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
Rows of campers doing calisthenics "on the gymnastics field" at a summer camp in the mountains for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-167

c. 1935 
Carpathia 
 
Campers posing together by their tents at a summer camp in the mountains for members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund.

Bund

#B-168

May 22-23, 1931 
Poland 
 
Members of Tsukunft, the youth movement of the Jewish Socialist Bund, in uniform, posing together on the grass at a summer camp with the movement's red flag.

Bund

#B-169

ca. 1930s 
Poland 
 
Pola Kirszencwajg, Khayke Belchatowska, Miriam Szyfman and two other young women, some or all of whom were associated with the Jewish Socialist Bund, posing together in a rye field.

Bund

#B-170

1934 
Poland 
 
On a sailing trip from Warsaw to Gdynia: members of Morgnshtern (the sports organization of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing on the ship's mast.

Bund

#B-171

1934 
Poland 
 
On a sailing trip from Warsaw to Gdynia: members of Morgnshtern (the sports organization of the Jewish Socialist Bund) posing for a group portrait with the crew on the boat at the pier.

Bund

#B-172

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
A group of children playing a ring toss game indoors, at the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-173

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Youngsters grouped around their teacher Yoysef Katz, outdoors at the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. In the group are Sholem Rosenberg (seated, right) and Yosl (Joseph) Mlotek (left, with glasses). (From an album.)

Bund

#B-174

1930 
Michalin 
 
Children on a swing on the grounds of the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-175

1930 
Michalin 
 
A group of boys playing croquet, on the grounds of the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-176

1930 
Michalin 
 
Two girls playing a toss game together, on the grounds of the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-177

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Children playing in a playground at the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-178

1930 
Michalin 
 
A group of children playing a bowling game on the grounds of the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-179

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Children digging in a sand pit with shovels and wheelbarrows, on the grounds of the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-180

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Children grouped around their teacher Manye Yerukhamzon, serving tea, outdoors at the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-181

1930 
Michalin 
 
Teacher Guta Segalowicz-Kac with a child at the Medem Sanatorium, run by the Jewish Socialist Bund. (From an album.)

Bund

#B-182

1922 
Poland 
 
"For the 25th anniversary of the Bund. 1897-1922. Founders and leaders of the Bund": cover of an album of portraits of Jewish Socialist Bund activists.

Bund

#B-183

Arkadi Kremer, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-184

Isaiah (Vitaly)Eisenstadt, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-185

Noah Portnoy, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-186

A. Litvak (Khaim Helfand), one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922.)

Bund

#B-187

Mark Liber, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-188

Yosef Izbitski, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-189

Vladimir Kosovsky (Nakhum Levinson), one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-190

Bronislaw Groser, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-191

Vladimir Medem, one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-192

P. Arman (Dr. Pavel Rozental), one of the founders and leaders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922).

Bund

#B-193

Sore Fuks, one of the leaders and founders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922.)

Bund

#B-194

Raphael Abramovitch, one of the leaders and founders of the Jewish Socialist Bund (whose portraits were included by the Vilna Committee of the Bund in an album honoring the party's 25th anniversary in 1922.)

Bund

#B-195

12/28/90-1/8/90 
Warsaw 
 
A display on the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund at the second exhibition of CYSHO (Central Yiddish School Association). (From an album published by CYSHO.)

Bund

#B-196

1929 
Michalin 
 
View of the entrance to the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund, with an inset of Vladimir Medem. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-197

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
The clinic at the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-198

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
Children sunning and resting on chaises at the "rest pavilion" of the "new building" at the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard in a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-199

1929 
Miedzeszyn 
 
The "old building" at the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-200

1930 
Michalin 
 
At a meal in the dining room of the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-201

1930 
Michalin 
 
Children around the librarian's table in the library of the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-202

1929 
Miedzeszyn 
 
A vote at a meeting of the children's council of the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-203

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
In the washroom at the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund: three boys and a girl, by the sinks and at a cubby. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-204

1930 
Michalin 
 
"Out in the open": a group of young boys and girls, dressed for sun-bathing, posing on the grass with teacher Sheyne Pat and another teacher at the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Part of a CYSHO postcard series.)

Bund

#B-205

1930 
Miedzeszyn 
 
"At work in the garden" of the Medem Sanatorium of the Jewish Socialist Bund. (Issued as a postcard as part of a series for the 2nd national exhibition of CYSHO [Central Yiddish School Organization].)

Bund

#B-206

1920's 
Kiev 
photo by: Pashker, M. Z. 

Students (five women and a man) at their jobs in a "shoe-making workshop named after [Jewish Socialist Bund leader] Lekert" (in Yiddish).

Bund

#B-207

1920's 
Kiev 
Pashker, M. Z. 
Students pose making harnesses in a "workshop at the school named after [Jewish Socialist Bund leader] H. Lekert" (in Yiddish).

  #B-208
   
   
   
 

Origin Of  Some Jewish Last Names

BENNETT MURASKIN, SLATE
JAN. 8, 2014, 3:35 PM 

Ashkenazic Jews were among the last Europeans to take family names. Some German-speaking Jews took last names as early as the 17th century, but the overwhelming majority of Jews lived in Eastern Europe and did not take last names until compelled to do so. The process began in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1787 and ended in Czarist Russia in 1844.
In attempting to build modern nation-states, the authorities insisted that Jews take last names so that they could be taxed, drafted, and educated (in that order of importance). For centuries, Jewish communal leaders were responsible for collecting taxes from the Jewish population on behalf of the government, and in some cases were responsible for filling draft quotas. Education was traditionally an internal Jewish affair.
Until this period, Jewish names generally changed with every generation. For example, if Moses son of Mendel (Moyshe ben Mendel) married Sarah daughter of Rebecca (Sara bat rivka), and they had a boy and named it Samuel (Shmuel), the child would be called Shmuel ben Moyshe. If they had a girl and named her Feygele, she would be called Feygele bas Sora.
Jews distrusted the authorities and resisted the new requirement. Although they were forced to take last names, at first they were used only for official purposes. Among themselves, they kept their traditional names. Over time, Jews accepted the new last names, which were essential as Jews sought to advance within the broader society and as the shtetles were transformed or Jews left them for big cities.
The easiest way for Jews to assume an official last name was to adapt the name they already had, making it permanent. This explains the use of "patronymics" and "matronymics."
PATRONYMICS (son of ...)
In Yiddish or German, "son" would be denoted by "son" or "sohn" or "er." In most Slavic languages, like Polish or Russian, it would be "wich" or "witz."
For example: The son of Mendel took the last name Mendelsohn; the son of Abraham became Abramson or Avromovitch; the son of Menashe became Manishewitz; the son of Itzhak became Itskowitz; the son of Berl took the name Berliner; the son of Kesl took the name Kessler, etc.
MATRONYMICS (daughter of …)
Reflecting the prominence of Jewish women in business, some families made last names out of women's first names: Chaiken — son of Chaikeh; Edelman — husband of Edel; Gittelman — husband of Gitl; Glick or Gluck — may derive from Glickl, a popular woman's name as in the famous "Glickl of Hameln," whose memoirs, written around 1690, are an early example of Yiddish literature.
Gold/Goldman/Gulden may derived from Golda; Malkov from Malke; Perlman — husband of Perl; Rivken — may derive from Rivke; Soronsohn—son of Sarah.
PLACE NAMES
The next most common source of Jewish last names is probably places. Jews used the town or region where they lived, or where their families came from, as their last name. As a result, the Germanic origins of most East European Jews is reflected in their names.
For example, Asch is an acronym for the towns of Aisenshtadt or Altshul orAmshterdam. Other place-based Jewish names include: Auerbach/Orbach; Bacharach; Berger (generic for townsman); Berg(man), meaning from a hilly place; Bayer — from Bavaria; Bamberger; Berliner, Berlinsky — from Berlin; Bloch (foreigner); Brandeis; Breslau; Brodsky; Brody; Danziger; Deutch/Deutscher — German; Dorf(man), meaning villager; Eisenberg; Epstein; Florsheim; Frankel — from the Franconia region of Germany; Frankfurter; Ginsberg; Gordon — from Grodno, Lithuania or from the Russian word gorodin, for townsman; Greenberg; Halperin—from Helbronn, Germany; Hammerstein; Heller — from Halle, Germany; Hollander — not from Holland, but from a town in Lithuania settled by the Dutch; Horowitz, Hurwich, Gurevitch — from Horovice in Bohemia; Koenigsberg; Krakauer — from Cracow, Poland; Landau; Lipsky — from Leipzig, Germany; Litwak — from Lithuania; Minsky — from Minsk, Belarus; Mintz—from Mainz, Germany; Oppenheimer; Ostreicher — from Austria; Pinsky — from Pinsk, Belarus; Posner — from Posen, Germany; Prager — from Prague; Rappoport — from Porto, Italy; Rothenberg — from the town of the red fortress in Germany; Shapiro — from Speyer, Germany; Schlesinger — from Silesia, Germany; Steinberg; Unger — from Hungary; Vilner — from Vilna, Poland/Lithuania; Wallach—from Bloch, derived from the Polish word for foreigner; Warshauer/Warshavsky — from Warsaw; Wiener — from Vienna; Weinberg.
OCCUPATIONAL NAMES
Craftsmen/Workers
Ackerman — plowman; Baker/Boker — baker; Blecher — tinsmith; Fleisher/Fleishman/Katzoff/Metger — butcher; Cooperman — coppersmith; Drucker — printer; Einstein — mason; Farber — painter/dyer; Feinstein — jeweler; Fisher — fisherman; Forman — driver/teamster; Garber/Gerber — tanner; Glazer/Glass/Sklar — glazier; Goldstein — goldsmith; Graber — engraver; Kastner — cabinetmaker; Kunstler — artist; Kramer — storekeeper; Miller — miller; Nagler — nailmaker; Plotnick — carpenter; Sandler/Shuster — shoemaker; Schmidt/Kovalsky — blacksmith; Shnitzer — carver; Silverstein — jeweler; Spielman — player (musician?); Stein/Steiner/Stone — jeweler; Wasserman — water carrier.
Merchants
Garfinkel/Garfunkel — diamond dealer; Holzman/Holtz/Waldman — timber dealer; Kaufman — merchant; Rokeach — spice merchant; Salzman — salt merchant; Seid/Seidman—silk merchant; Tabachnik — snuff seller; Tuchman — cloth merchant; Wachsman — wax dealer; Wechsler/Halphan — money changer; Wollman — wool merchant; Zucker/Zuckerman — sugar merchant.
Related to tailoring
Kravitz/Portnoy/Schneider/Snyder — tailor; Nadelman/Nudelman — also tailor, but from "needle"; Sher/Sherman — also tailor, but from "scissors" or "shears"; Presser/Pressman — clothing presser; Futterman/Kirshner/Kushner/Peltz — furrier; Weber — weaver.
Medical
Aptheker — druggist; Feldsher — surgeon; Bader/Teller — barber.
Related to liquor trade
Bronfman/Brand/Brandler/Brenner — distiller; Braverman/Meltzer — brewer; Kabakoff/Krieger/Vigoda — tavern keeper; Geffen — wine merchant; Wine/Weinglass — wine merchant; Weiner — wine maker.
Religious/Communal
Altshul/Althshuler — associated with the old synagogue in Prague; Cantor/Kazan/Singer/Spivack — cantor or song leader in shul; Feder/Federman/Schreiber — scribe; Haver — from haver (court official); Klausner — rabbi for small congregation; Klopman — calls people to morning prayers by knocking on their window shutters; Lehrer/Malamud/Malmud — teacher; Rabin — rabbi (Rabinowitz—son of rabbi); London — scholar, from the Hebrew lamden(misunderstood by immigration inspectors); Reznick — ritual slaughterer; Richter — judge; Sandek — godfather; Schechter/Schachter/Shuchter etc. — ritual slaughterer from Hebrew schochet; Shofer/Sofer/Schaeffer — scribe; Shulman/Skolnick — sexton; Spector — inspector or supervisor of schools.
PERSONAL TRAITS
Alter/Alterman — old; Dreyfus—three legged, perhaps referring to someone who walked with a cane; Erlich — honest; Frum — devout ; Gottleib — God lover, perhaps referring to someone very devout; Geller/Gelber — yellow, perhaps referring to someone with blond hair; Gross/Grossman — big; Gruber — coarse or vulgar; Feifer/Pfeifer — whistler; Fried/Friedman—happy; Hoch/Hochman/Langer/Langerman — tall; Klein/Kleinman — small; Koenig — king, perhaps someone who was chosen as a “Purim King,” in reality a poor wretch; Krauss — curly, as in curly hair; Kurtz/Kurtzman — short; Reich/Reichman — rich; Reisser — giant; Roth/Rothman — red head; Roth/Rothbard — red beard; Shein/Schoen/Schoenman — pretty, handsome; Schwartz/Shwartzman/Charney — black hair or dark complexion; Scharf/Scharfman — sharp, i.e  intelligent; Stark — strong, from the Yiddish shtark ; Springer — lively person, from the Yiddish springen for jump.
INSULTING NAMES
These were sometimes foisted on Jews who discarded them as soon as possible, but a few may remain:
Billig — cheap; Gans — goose; Indyk — goose; Grob — rough/crude; Kalb — cow.
ANIMAL NAMES
It is common among all peoples to take last names from the animal kingdom. Baer/Berman/Beerman/Berkowitz/Beronson — bear; Adler — eagle (may derive from reference to an eagle in Psalm 103:5); Einhorn — unicorn; Falk/Sokol/Sokolovksy — falcon; Fink — finch; Fuchs/Liss — fox; Gelfand/Helfand — camel (technically means elephant but was used for camel too); Hecht—pike; Hirschhorn — deer antlers; Karp — carp; Loeb — lion; Ochs— ox; Strauss — ostrich (or bouquet of flowers); Wachtel — quail.
HEBREW NAMES
Some Jews either held on to or adopted traditional Jewish names from the Bible and Talmud. The big two are Cohen (Cohn, Kohn, Kahan, Kahn, Kaplan) and Levi (Levy, Levine, Levinsky, Levitan, Levenson, Levitt, Lewin, Lewinsky, Lewinson). Others include: Aaron — Aronson, Aronoff; Asher; Benjamin; David — Davis, Davies; Ephraim — Fishl; Emanuel — Mendel; Isaac — Isaacs, Isaacson/Eisner; Jacob — Jacobs, Jacobson, Jacoby; Judah — Idelsohn, Udell,Yudelson; Mayer/Meyer; Menachem — Mann, Mendel; Reuben — Rubin; Samuel — Samuels, Zangwill; Simon — Schimmel; Solomon — Zalman.
HEBREW ACRONYMS
Names based on Hebrew acronyms include: Baron — bar aron (son of Aaron); Beck —bene kedoshim (descendant of martyrs); Getz — gabbai tsedek (righteous synagogue official); Katz — kohen tsedek (righteous priest); Metz — moreh tsedek (teacher of righteousness); Sachs, Saks — zera kodesh shemo (his name descends from martyrs); Segal — se gan levia (second-rank Levite).
OTHER HEBREW- and YIDDISH-DERIVED NAMES
Lieb means "lion" in Yiddish. It is the root of many Ashkenazic last names, including Liebowitz, Lefkowitz, Lebush, and Leon. It is the Yiddish translation of the Hebrew word for lion — aryeh. The lion was the symbol of the tribe of Judah.
Hirsch means "deer" or "stag" in Yiddish. It is the root of many Ashkenazic last names, including Hirschfeld, Hirschbein/Hershkowitz (son of Hirsch), Hertz/Herzl, Cerf, Hart, and Hartman. It is the Yiddish translation of the Hebrew word for gazelle: tsvi. The gazelle was the symbol of the tribe of Naphtali.
Taub means "dove" in Yiddish. It is the root of the Ashkenazic last name Tauber. The symbol of the dove is associated with the prophet Jonah.
Wolf is the root of the Ashkenazic last names Wolfson, Wouk, and Volkovich. The wolf was the symbol of the tribe of Benjamin.
Eckstein — Yiddish for cornerstone, derived from Psalm 118:22.
Good(man) — Yiddish translation of the Hebrew word for "good": tuviah.
Margolin — Hebrew for "pearl."
INVENTED ‘FANCY SHMANCY’ NAMES
When Jews in the Austro-Hungarian Empire were required to assume last names, some chose the nicest ones they could think of and may have been charged a registration fee by the authorities. According to the YIVO Encyclopedia, "The resulting names often are associated with nature and beauty. It is very plausible that the choices were influenced by the general romantic tendencies of German culture at that time." These names include: Applebaum — apple tree; Birnbaum — pear tree; Buchsbaum — box tree; Kestenbaum — chestnut tree; Kirshenbaum — cherry tree; Mandelbaum — almond tree; Nussbaum — nut tree; Tannenbaum — fir tree; Teitelbaum — palm tree.
Other names, chosen or purchased, were combinations with these roots:Blumen (flower), Fein (fine), Gold, Green, Lowen (lion), Rosen (rose), Schoen/Schein (pretty) — combined with berg (hill or mountain), thal (valley), bloom (flower), zweig (wreath), blatt (leaf), vald or wald (woods), feld (field).
Miscellaneous other names included Diamond; Glick/Gluck — luck; Hoffman — hopeful; Fried/Friedman — happiness; Lieber/Lieberman — lover.
Jewish family names from non-Jewish languages included: Sender/Saunders — from Alexander; Kagan — descended from the Khazars, a Turkic-speaking people from Central Asia; Kelman/Kalman — from the Greek name Kalonymous, the Greek translation of the Hebrew shem tov (good name), popular among Jews in medieval France and Italy; Marcus/Marx — from Latin, referring to the pagan god Mars.
Finally, there were Jewish names changed or shortened by immigration inspectors or by immigrants themselves (or their descendants) to sound more American, which is why "Sean Ferguson" was a Jew.
Let us close with a ditty:
And this is good old Boston;
The home of the bean and the cod.
Where the Lowells speak only to the Cabots;
And the Cabots speak Yiddish, by God!
A version of this post originally appeared on Jewish Currents.
Bennett Muraskin is a contributing writer to Jewish Currents magazine and author of The Association of Jewish Libraries Guide to Yiddish Short Stories and Let Justice Well Up Like Water: Progressive Jews from Hillel to Helen Suzman, among other books.

 

Read more: http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/01/08/ashkenazi_names_the_etymology_of_the_most_common_jewish_surnames.html#ixzz3GPosbWNB

Jews of Greater Duluth-Superior Region
http://www.garon.us/DuluthJews.html
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Yizkor books

http://www.gfh.org.il/
"People of 1000 Towns, a Photographic Encyclopedia of Jewish Life in Eastern Europe, 1880-1940,"
JHRG in Belarus
{belshtetl@yahoo.com}
www.bagnowka.com
www.babinets.com/belarus/belarusieza1.html
A Life Apart: Hasidism in America

- Part 1 of 9

 

- Part 2 of 9

 

- Part 3 of 9

 

- Part 4 of 9

 

- Part 5 of 9

 

- Part 6 of 9

 

- Part 7 of 9

 

- Part 8 of 9

 

- Part 9 of 9

 

Jews of russian empire denied permission to go abroad 1916-1917
Foreign passports 1921-1940
 
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFD_o0-1QbQ

April 1913; A Zionist movie filmed in Palestina in 1913 -- A PR movie for the 11th Zionist Congress of 1913 in Vienna, over 100 years ago! You see the beginnings of the State of Israel. The amount of work and thought that went into every aspect of Jewish life in the Jewish land, then under the rule of the Ottoman empire.
The video is over an hour long but as you watch you realize that no aspect of Jewish life in Israel has been overlooked. Art, language, construction, agriculture, education – all built upon Jewish values and ideas. When you visit Israel, it’s easy to forget that the national language, the sites, the agriculture, the culture and arts and museums and schools where all built and developed from absolutely nothing.
The rebirth of the Jewish People in its land is no less than a modern day miracle. To think that this video had disappeared and was only found by accident!
It starts in Odesa. 92 people leave Russia for Eretz Israel via Egypt. At .about 4;40 you see Tel Aviv ( neve edek and Gimnasia Herzelia.. At about 6;05 you see a school for Jewish girls in Jaffa.
Around 9;00 you see again Gimnesia Herzelia. Around 12;00 you see Petach Tikvah.Hadera starts at about 15;15.
At about 18;22 we see Zichron Yaakov. Haifa starts at 21; 30 We see the Technion being built. It open a few months later ( April of 1914). We see Kinneret at 23;10 ( Rachel the poet is seen)
Tiberias is seen at 24;20. Migdal is seen at 26;00. Rosh Pina scenes start at 27;50.
29;30 shows the way to  Jerusalem..31; 15 brings us to Jerusalem., Haezera schools for Jewish children in 36;00. Betzalel school for arts 38; 20.. Rachel's tomb on 39;50
40;14 Salomon's pools. Hebron at 40;54 shows mostly the Muslim buildings . Elisha springs is in 42;52.Jerico and the Jordan river 43;20
45;30 Rishon LeZion.48;55 Ness Ziona.51;00 Gedera. Ekron- Mazkeret Batia 52;46.

Passover in Rehovot in 1913 54;35

Jewish Research Tips, Part 1: History and Immigration
 go to https://legacytree.com/blog/jewish-research-tips-part-1-history-and-immigration
Historical Context
A majority of Jewish immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries came primarily from two areas: Germany and a portion of Eastern Europe known as “the Pale.”
The first German Empire was established in 1871. At that time, the kingdom of Prussia and the independent southern German duchies, kingdoms, etc., became united under one government. Jews from these areas immigrated to the United States and other “safe havens” during the early to mid-1800s as persecution drove them from their homes. There were very few of them left in Germany by the late 1800s.

map

A map of united Germany, 1871. Courtesy of http://rootsweb.ancestry.com.
In 1792, Poland was completely wiped off the map due to the ever expanding borders of the Kingdom of Prussia, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Russian Empire. Just inside the Russian border, in the middle of non-existent Poland, was an area called the Jewish “Pale of Settlement.” It was established in 1791 under the rule of Catherine the Great, and continued until the fall of the Russian Empire in 1917.[2] At that time, Poland was reestablished and much of this land was returned to that country.
The Pale was approximately one-fifth of the land in European Russia (west of the Ural Mountains). The present-day countries of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, and parts of western Russia were included in the Pale’s borders.[3]
map
Map of the Jewish Pale of Settlement. Courtesy of http://heathsmith.com.
The Pale was supposedly where the Russian Empire magnanimously allowed their Jewish population to make their homes. In actuality it was the area to which the “less desirable” Jewish population was exiled as a buffer from the other two competing European empires. Jews were not the exclusive residents of this area, but they were not allowed to live outside its borders without special permits, or to live inside most of its cities.
map
Map of regions within the Pale. Courtesy of http://jewishcurrents.org.
As an example, you may recall having watched the musical/movie Fiddler on the Roof. Anatevka was a small, relatively self-sufficient Jewish community or shtetl established just outside of a Russian city in the Pale. This was fairly typical of the political situations and boundaries for the Jewish population. This story of the poverty-stricken Tevye and his family was set in the early 1890s during a wave of anti-Jewish pogroms that led to the expulsion of over 20,000 Jews from Russia.[4]
Finding the Jewish Hometown
The predominant Jewish community in the United States today is from the Ashkenazic Jews of Eastern Europe. Due to their relatively late immigration, it is usually not very difficult to find a record that names their hometown. It is important to keep in mind, though, that when the birth place is found in a record, it may refer to the nearest large city or the region from which they came, just as we tend to do when generalizing our past residences. The maps earlier in this article can help to determine if this was the case since they show the large cities and the regions within the Pale.
A brief review of some records that are most likely to include the name of an immigrant hometown are as follows:
1. Military records
1. Service records from both World Wars – some are online through major repositories like Fold3, and some are available through the National Archives (NARA).
2. Draft registrations for World War I and World War II. These can be found at most major genealogy websites.
2. Naturalization papers
1. If you find a naturalization online at MyHeritage.com, FamilySearch.org or Ancestry.com, browse a couple of pages forward and backward. You may find more than you thought!
2. Post-1906 naturalizations usually included the name of the immigrant hometown and the date and ship on which they arrived in the United States.
3. Post-1922 naturalizations also included female immigrants who were now required to establish citizenship independent of their husband’s. Prior to this date, a woman’s citizenship status changed when her husband’s did.
3. Passenger lists
1. A lot of passenger lists from the 1890s forward include the name of the hometown or the nearest relative back home and their hometown/residence.
2. Remember that passenger lists aren’t always just one page. Browse forward to see if there is a second page with un-indexed information!
4. Social Security Applications (SS-5 forms)
1. It may take several weeks to get one of these records, but they usually give an exact birth date, birth place and the parents’ names. If your immigrant had a Social Security number, it’s worth it to send for this record! Click here for more information on how to obtain it through the Freedom of Information Act.
5. Vital records and Synagogue/Church records
1. Marriage license applications are generally the most informative vital records available, but in some cases birth, marriage and death certificates have been known to include the exact hometown.
2. Synagogue records of naming/circumcision (at 8 days old), marriages and burials are available throughout the United States. Don’t be afraid to call or email the local historical society or a possible synagogue location. They are more than happy to help you trace your Jewish ancestry!
3. If the family converted or a local church served both the Christian and the Jewish communities, the hometown may be recorded in a local parish church’s records of baptisms, marriages and burials.
6. Peripheral family members and friends
1. If you have a hard time finding a record for your immigrant, remember that they usually didn’t come alone. Find another family member who came over and try to locate a record with their hometown named.
7. JewishGen databases – See http://www.jewishgen.org/InfoFiles/.
8. Newspapers and obituaries, family records, town and county histories, cemetery records, etc.
You just have to find the right record. The name of the hometown is out there! Stay tuned for Part II of this article next week…

1946 JDC List of Jewish Residents of Belarus Who Survived WWII
Posted on May 15, 2015by jhrgbelarus
In early 1946, after the end of WWII, the International Red Cross Committee was sent to the Soviet Union to estimate the magnitude of destruction and how to help survivors.
While touring many places around the Soviet Union, the committee stopped in a few towns and shtetls in Belarus.
Among the committee members was the Joint Distribution Committee’s representative, who compiled a list of those who had survived the Holocaust and returned to their pre-war homes. The goal was to send parcels of food and clothing to those people and families.
The list includes more than 80 heads of Jewish households in Belarus, including names, place of residency and, in some cases, the address.
Due to the importance of this information, we are publishing the full list below:

Belarus

Belarus

Belarus

Belarus

Belarus

1921 – List of Jews from Belarus looking for relatives in America.
Posted on June 30, 2014by jhrgbelarus
In October 1921, a JOINT representative from United States came to Belarus with an inspection of Jewish life, because it was a very difficult time when Jewish institutions tried to survive. When he was meeting and talking to people in various towns and shtetls of Belarus, some of them requested to find their relative in America so they can immigrate there too. Upon return to the US, the representative produced a report of his inspection where he indicated the names and addresses of people in Belarus who were trying to find their US relatives.
Belarus
1922 Minsk – Shoemaker course for Jewish boys financed by JOINT
We are publishing part of this list, which includes Jewish residents of MINSK, SLUTZK, PARICHY, RAKOV, MIR, RUBEZHEVICHY, SAMOKHVALOVICHY and PLESCHINITSY.

Belarus

Belarus

Belarus

 
 
 
 
 

Wrong Doing: Bank Mizrahi - Tefahot