Click on Photos to Enlarge
Berta/Batia Brudno and her son Simcha of Shavli, visit
Vignetted studio portrait of Sholem Brudno, one of
Walter Brudno, a Private in the United States Army, presents a part
This is my great-grandfather Ezekutiel Brudno from Rozalimas
Air Force Maj. Edward Alan Brudno, assigned to the 68th Tactical
My paternal grandfather was Avraham, son of Yehuda Leib Brudno.
Avraham had twelve children: Yehuda, Berta, Aharon, David, Sima, Sara
and (Simcha did not tell me the other names). My maternal grandfather
was Simcha Feive Farber. Both of my grandmothers were born into the
Soleznik family of Vilna. They were sisters; Nechama was married to
Avraham Brudno and Rivka was married to Simcha Feive Farber. My mother
was Sheina Tesia (also known by Berta nee Farber) and she was born in
Vilna in 1891. My father was Aharon Brudno and he was born in Vilna in
1879. My father's father, Avraham (son of Yehuda Leib, my
great-grandfather), was born in 1844 and died in 1925. ("I have just
arrived to the age in which he passed away"). The Brudno family was
originally from Smorgon (then in the Vilna region), the town where
most of the Brudnos originated. Since Yehuda Leib received a good job offer in Shavli, Aharon followed
his brother Yehuda to Shavli in 1911. They both found jobs in a
tannery (a factory to process raw leather), which belonged to a Jew by
the name of Chaim Frankel. The firm was the biggest factory in the
region. Before my father left Vilna he married my mother, Sheina Tesia
(his first cousin). Their mothers were sisters. Both of my parents,
Aharon and Berta, worked at the tannery, albeit in different branches.
Both worked as bookkeepers and as part of their benefits, they
received a home on the grounds of the factory. The address of the
house was Vilnius Gatve #72. In 1912 they had their first child, a
daughter, whom they named Nechama after her grandmother who had passed
away. In 1914, at the outbreak of the First World War , my father
Aharon was taken to serve in the czars' army. Many of the Russian
soldiers looked at him strangely since he was the first Jew they had
ever met. He spent most of the time fighting on the front and said
that more Russians were killed by each other than by the Germans.
Every day he would write a letter to my mother, his beloved wife.Shavli is located in the western part of Lithuania ¨C not far from
Germany. In the spring of 1915, the Russian leaders decided to expel
the Jews to the interior of the country, claiming that the Jews had
helped the Germans and blaming them for the failures of the Russian
army. The Jews of Shavli were forced onto trains to Poltova and later
to Kharkov where my mother Berta and sister Nechama spent their days
until 1918. When the war ended, they returned to Shavli and reunited
with my father, Aharon. Yehuda Leib Brudno ( my uncle) did not come
back to Shavli. He returned to Vilna, where he later perished with his
entire family. For many years, the family could not see each other
because Vilna had become part of Poland. Lithuania and Poland had very
bad relations and they did not allow visitation between the two
countries.... For the rest go to;http://www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/siauliai/siau_pages/siau_stories112305.htm
The Book of Clevelanders, A Biographical Dictionary of Living Men of
the City of Cleveland, Burrows Book Company, 1914Brudno, Ezra Selig; author; born in Lithuania, May 28, 1877; son of
Issac and Hannah (Model) Brudno; attended Adelbert College (Western
Reserve University), 1896-1897; at Yale, 1898-1900, reading law and at
same time pursuing academic studies; finished law studies at Western
Reserve University, 1900; unmarried; began practice of law in
Cleveland, 1901; assistant district attorney since 1909; Republican.
Author: The Fugitive, 1904; The Little Conscript, 1905; The Tether,
1908. Contributor to magazines.http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&report=SingleArticle&ArticleID=0030556
Part of the appeal of the book lies in its extensive use of The
Jugglers, a novel written by the Cleveland lawyer-cum-writer, Ezra
Brudno, which satirizes the Cleveland legal profession. Published in
1920, the novel recounts the introduction of an idealistic, young
lawyer to legal practice and particularly workmen's injury proceedings
in Cleveland. Bellamy is lucky to have such a delightful foil to his
more serious argument throughout his monograph. It provides an amusing
and irreverent portrait of the rather seamy underside of legal
proceedings in Cleveland in the period covered by the monograph. This
makes a potentially dry subject, in fact, very readable
http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:bDBNAlJmxqwJ:www.usafreedomcorps.gov/about_usafc/newsroom/local_vols_dynamic.asp%3FID%3D399+brudno+Cleveland&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=usOn his arrival in Cleveland, Ohio on Monday, President George W. Bush
will meet with Eugene Brudno, a Cleveland senior and World War II
veteran who has dedicated more than 25 years as a volunteer to helping
families coping with mental illness. In his State of the Union
address, President Bush called on all Americans to dedicate at least
two years of their lives¡ªthe equivalent of 4,000 hours¡ªin service to
their communities, our country and the world. His goal is to give
Americans a way to respond to the evil of terrorism with acts of
compassion. President Bush is recognizing individuals around the
country who are answering the call to service, and will recognize
Brudno as an example of the dedication to service he is hoping to
instill in all Americans through his USA Freedom Corps initiative.Brudno has dedicated countless hours of volunteer service to
supporting families with mentally ill children. Having owned a produce
company, Brudno is known in many Cleveland neighborhoods as "Eugene
the Eggman." Brudno began volunteering with Jewish Family Services
more than 25 years ago and has founded several organizations to help
families cope with mental illness.Brudno and his wife, Irene, are the co-founders of the Alliance for
the Mentally Ill of Metro Cleveland. He is also a co-founder of PLAN
(Planned Living Assisted Network) of Northeastern Ohio, which assists
adults with mental illnesses when their parents or caretakers pass
away. The organization serves 120 families in Ohio.Reporters interesting in interviewing Brudno should contact Kathy
Levine with Jewish Family Services at (216) 849-5515.------------------------------------------------
Eliana SydesMy Email : Bradlaw.firstname.lastname@example.org
Age : 39comments : My husbands family came from Smorgon. Robert Brudno, his
wife Hannah and children Isaac and Henry Jacob arrived in England
between 1867 and 1873. Roberts parents were possibly called Henry and
date : 16/7/2004
Aleksandr L'vovich Brudno (Alexander Lvovich Brudno) (Russian:
§¡§Ý§Ö§Ü§ã§Ñ§ß§Õ§â §§î§Ó§à§Ó§Ú§é §¢§â§å§Õ§ß§à) is a Russian computer
scientist, best known
for fully describing the alpha-beta (¦Á-¦Â) search algorithm.] Biography
Brudno developed the "mathematics/machine interface" for the M-2
computer constructed in 1952 at the Krzhizhanovskii laboratory of the
Institute of Energy of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the Soviet
Union. He was a great friend of Alexander Kronrod.Brudno's work on alpha-beta was published in 1963 in Russian and
English.The algorithm was used in computer chess program written by Georgy
Adelson-Velsky and others at the Institute for Theoretical and
Experimental Physics (ITEF or ITEP). According to Monty Newborn and
the Computer History Museum, the alogorithm was used later in Kaissa
the world computer chess champion in 1974.
 Early alpha-beta
Allen Newell and Herbert Simon who used what John McCarthy calls an
"approximation" in 1958 wrote that alpha-beta "appears to have been
reinvented a number of times". Arthur Samuels had an early version
and Richards, Hart, Levine and/or Edwards found alpha-beta
independently in the United States. McCarthy
proposed similar ideas during the Dartmouth Conference in 1956 and
suggested it to a group of his students including Alan Kotok at MIT in
1961. Donald Knuth and Ronald W. Moore refined the algorithm In
1975 and it continued to be advanced.
Mikhail Brudno 310
44 , self made
Net Worth: $1.8 bil
Country of citizenship: Russia
Residence: Moscow, Russia
Marital Status: married , 2 children
Bachelor of Arts / ScienceTrained as a computer programmer; was working for the foreign trading
arm of the Soviet Ministry of Geology in 1988 when his colleague,
Leonid Nevzlin, introduced him to Mikhail Khodorkovsky. One of the
founding members of what later become Group Menatep¡ªa holding company
headed by Khodorkovsky, with interests in oil giant Yukos as well as
banking, telecommunications and fertilizers; headed up Yukos' refining
and marketing operations until early this year. Along with other
Menatep shareholders, recently transfered shares to third parties.
Ducking charges of theft in connection with the privatization of
fertilizer company Apatit (the same charges leveled against his
partner Khodorkovsky, who is in jail); Brudno currently lives in
His wife, Tante Sarita, was distantly related to the Brudno family of
Cleveland and perhaps that is why they came to Cleveland. The Brudno's
already had a ...
250k - Supplemental Result
|ARE THE FOUR BRUDNO FAMILIES CONNECTED?
By Keneth Zucker
It all really started with Myra Rothenberg of New York.
It so happens that my wife's maiden name was Brudno. I had always sworn that I would not get involved in her family history. I had enough to do with my own. I would leave her side of it to her and and my daughter. It was not, of course, the feeling that if I did so nothing would be done. Certainly not. However the genealogical bug is inclined to bite. It bit me. So I embarked on the extensive ramifications of the descendants of my wife's grandfather Yekutiel Zussman Brudno, Rabbi of Rozalimas in Lithuania from about 1880 to 1923. Hence the net widely flung by Myra enmeshed me.
So it was that I stumbled across a puzzle that Sherlock Holmes himself might have found worthy of a solution; because not one but four Brudnos (or in one case to be precise Brudnow) came to England from Eastern Europe between about 1867 and 1913. The records at Kew revealed that three of them individually and at different times adopted the name of Bradlaw. That in itself might suggest a connection. But although several of their descendants believed that there might be one no one could produce any evidence.
The four bearers of the name each had an interesting history
The eldest Robert Brudno arrived here in about 1867. He had been born on 22 February 1840 in Smorgon in what was then part of the Russian Empire and is now in Belarus. By 1881 he was using the name Robert Bradlaw. He had moved with his family to Dublin in 1880 where he practised as a Dentist. He became one of the leading members of the Dublin Jewish community. He was the founder of the St. Kevins Parade synagogue and the Dolphins Barn cemetry where he is buried. An obituary referred to him as the "Prince of the foreign community". One of his grandsons was Sir Robert Bradlaw, Dean of the Eastman Dental School from 1959 to 1970.
Eliana Sydes who is married to a great great grandson of Robert Bradlaw has written a thoroughly researched and very comprehensive history of Robert Bradlaw and his descendants. That history has provided me with many facts and leads without which this article could not have been written.
Leopold Brudno was born in 1878 in Plunge in Lithuania. He took the name Lawrence Bradlaw in 1895 prior to going on stage to play character parts in Shakespearean companies.
Henry (formerly Hirsch) Brudno was born in Rozalimas in Lithuania on 5 March 1891, the seventh and last but one child of Yekutiel Zussman Brudno. He received semicha from the Slavodka Yeshiva at the age of 19. He came to England in 1913. He matriculated at Jews College and then studied medicine at Queen's University, Belfast. He supported himself in his early years here by teaching Hebrew and Talmud. One of his pupils was Israel Brodie, later Chief Rabbi. After years as a locum in the Welsh valleys he became a highly respected South East London GP. He alone kept the name Brudno which is how my wife his daughter acquired it.
George Brudnow was born on 15 September 1892 in Propoisk in the district of Mogilev which was then part of the Russian Empire but is now in Belarus. At some time before he obtained his Certificate of Naturalization on 14 May 1927 he had adopted the name George Bradlaw. He was called to the Bar and spent most of his working life as legal counsel to the Palestine (Israel) Electric Company.
It is part of the puzzle that the name "Bradlaw" was adopted by three of the Brudnos. The fact that they did so at dates set well apart could imply that it was by more than a coincidence
Eliana Sydes ingeniously suggests (p.15 of her history) that Bradlaw could be derived from the Hebrew name Brudno. If that were correct it could rule out the inference that all took the same name by reason of a family connection. However Brudno is not a Hebrew name but is Polish. Even if it were Hebrew it would be quite impossible to derive Bradlaw from Brudno. The reason most Jews changed their names was to replace a foreign sounding name with an English one. Often, of course, they looked for a name which might reflect in some way their original name. Bradlaw meets that purpose but many other names could have been chosen. Eliana's suggestion that Robert Brudno was impressed by the MP Charles Bradlaugh, newly elected in 1881 and adapted his name may well be correct: particularly as the name Bradlaw appears to have been used by Robert for the first time in the 1881 census.
The change of name is a pointer but not by itself sufficient to establish a link.
I believe that there is strong anecdotal evidence supported by available records to show a connection between the families of Robert Bradlaw, George Bradlaw and Henry Brudno. The keys are the city of Dublin and the name Sylvia. Who was she?
Robert Bradlaw's connection with Dublin I have already set out.
Looking back through my correspondence I came across a letter from George Bradlaw's daughter Ruth Giller who had written to me in 1998. She said that her father was born Eliachum Getz Brudno. She wrote "My father spoke of family in Dublin (Sylvia?)…"
If I could find a Dublin Sylvia in Robert Bradlaw's family I would have gone a long way to establishing a connection between the families of Robert and George Bradlaw.
Sylvia and Dublin also ocurred in a different context. My wife Ruth told me that she could remember two members of the Wigoder family who were relatives of her parents visiting her home in Brockley,South East London in the early 1950s. Her memory is that their first names were Robert and Sylvia and that Robert Wigoder had a medical practice in Catford. This was particularly intriguing because the Wigoders were a well known Dublin family.
Could I establish a link between the Wigoders and the Bradlaws? If I could I would have linked the family of Henry Brudno to that of Robert Bradlaw. Obviously as the surname was Wigoder it could only be through a daughter of Robert Bradlaw marrying into the Wigoder family.
I turned back to Eliana's history of her family. She relates that Robert Bradlaw's elder daughter was Jessie Bella Bradlaw born on 22 December 1872.
So to the archives of the Jewish Chronicle. Its edition of 6 October 1893 includes the announcement of the engagement of Jessie Bella Bradlaw to S.G. Wigoder MD of Dublin.
Eureka! There is the Bradlaw/Wigoder connection. But what about Sylvia?
The Jewish Chronicle again came to the rescue. On 1 June 1934 it recorded the sudden death of Dr. George Selig Wigoder aged 70. He had been president of the Dublin United Hebrew Congregation. It referred to two sons Dr. L Wigoder and Mr. R Wigoder and a daughter Dr. Sylvia Wigoder. We have now identified a Sylvia - the granddaughter of Robert Bradlaw. But was she the Sylvia who visited my wife's home.
The Jewish Chronicle again. On 15 April 1977 it carried a short obituary of Dr. Robert Wigoder describing him as a Catford GP born in Dublin in 1906. He was a founder member of the Catford Synagogue with which he was associated for over 40 years.
The tie in is complete because of my wife's memory that their visitor Robert Wigoder had a Catford medical practice and that his sister was Sylvia and because of Ruth Giller's reference to "family in Dublin (Sylvia?)…"
To my own satisfaction at least I have established that both the families of George Bradlaw and Henry Brudno are related to that of Robert Bradlaw.
I have not so far in this article established a direct connection between the families of George Bradlaw and Henry Brudno. But this part of the puzzle is easily solvable because my wife recalls that George Bradlaw and his family visited her family on a number of occasions at their home and that she and her family were invited and went to the wedding of George Bradlaw's niece Miriam (the daughter of his sister Bessie) when she married the historian Lionel Kochan. They were always known as relatives.
To sum up - there is evidence that both the families of George Bradlaw and Henry Brudno are related to the family of Robert Bradlaw. The family of Henry Brudno is related to the family of George Bradlaw. When there is added in the fact that when they changed their names both Robert and George adopted the name Bradlaw the case for a connection between all three families is a strong one.
A connection with Lawrence Bradlaw has only the change of name to support it.
I am, of course, conscious that I have not yet found in earlier generations direct evidence of a common ancestry: but I already have two further pieces of evidence which points to one.
Robert Bradlaw came from Smorgon. Smorgon Yizkor book entries show a number of Brudnos. The death certificate of Yekutiel Zussman Brudno's wife Chaya Hella Brenner describes her as "of the Smorgon community". I strongly suspect that Yekutiel Zussman himself came from Smorgon where he found his wife and the records of that shtetl, if I can find them, will reveal his common ancestry with that of Robert Bradlaw.
Finally George Bradlaw's father was Chaim Yitzhak Brudno born in 1861.
Two of the grandchildren of Yekutiel Zussman Brudno and Chaya Hella Brenner who married in about 1879 were named Chaim Yitzhak; the same names as those of George Bradlaw's father. Another common factor between those two families given the practice of naming children after dead relatives.
There is a great deal of work still to be done. Watch this space.
|From Yahadut Lita pae 35: Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Brudno was born in 1850 in Dvinsk. He studied in the famed Volozhin Yeshiva at the time it was headed by Hanaziv (he headed it from 1872- .1892) In 1893 he became a rabbi in Kupishok,Lithuania ( it seems that he became a Hassidic Rabbi from the information of Kupishok in same book). He had 7 sons who passed away during his liftime ( he lived to an old age). His book: "Birchat Avraham" was published in Vilna in 1899. It seems that he came to Jerusalem by 1920 since his other books were published there ; "Chesed Avraham" 1928, "Chaye Moshe" 1923, "Likutim of R"ashaz" 1922, "Kitzur Tnaiya" 1924, "Mginai Avraham" 1926. Passed away in Jerusalem ( date unknown)
Ezra Selig Brudno;
Writer Ezra Brudno (b. 1878 in Volozhin- 1855), great-grandson of Rabbi Manashe ILIER ( Rabbi Menshe from Ilja- I have his story on my site)
Rabbi Menashe was from Smorgon, the second most well known student of Hagaon MeVilna, Rabbi Manashe was related to well known families in Vilna. Brudnai Yizhak Izik son of Meir. 1888 Smorgon- 1956 Tel Aviv
Ezra' books: A guide for the misguided, Ghosts of yesterday; a reappraisal of moral values and of accepted standards in this changing world, One of Us (1912, The fugitive; being memoirs of a wanderer in search of a home.
|From Yahadut Lita page 35: Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Brudno was born in 1850 in Dvinsk. He studied in the famed Volozhin Yeshiva ( near Smorgon) at the time it was headed by Hanaziv (he headed it from 1872- .1892) In 1893 he became a rabbi in Kupishok,Lithuania ( it seems that he became a Hassidic Rabbi from the information of Kupishok in same book). He had 7 sons who passed away during his life time ( he lived to an old age). His book: "Birchat Avraham" was published in Vilna in 1899. It seems that he came to Jerusalem by 1920 since his other books were published there ; "Chesed Avraham" 1928, "Chaye Moshe" 1923, "Likutim of R"ashaz" 1922, "Kitzur Tnaiya" 1924, "Mginai Avraham" 1926. Passed away in Jerusalem ( date unknown)
page 125; Ezra Selig Brudno;
Writer Ezra Brudno (b. 1878 in Volozhin- 1855), great-grandson of Rabbi Manashe Ben Porat. Rabbi Menshe from Ilja ( born in Smorgon 1767- 1831) I have his story on my site.the second most well known student of Hagaon MeVilna, Rabbi Manashe was related to well known families in Vilna. One of his daughters married a brudno. Some of her family members lived in the midwest.
Rabbi Menashe was from Smorgon, .
Ezra' books: A guide for the misguided, Ghosts of yesterday; a reappraisal of moral values and of accepted standards in this changing world, One of Us (1912, The fugitive; being memoirs of a wanderer in search of a home.
BenZion Brudni headed the Jewish Bank in Kibrati, LIthuania. The bank had 150 members in 1929
"I, the writer of these lines, have seen the distress and sorrow of
In his treatise, rabbi Menashe prays to God to find a solution for
Prone to question every new phenomenon he encounters, rabbi Menashe
Although of different walks of life, they had one thing in common.
Rabbi Menashe was a man of great conscience and of fine perception.
His religious ethics surpassed the boundaries of humanity and
Rabbi Menashe recognized the diversified nature of people. "Some are
"...and as I have noted, it is our inherent responsibility to aspire
and to sacrifice the first two, for the achievement of the latter. The
Rabbi Menashe Ben Porat was such a man. He truly felt that as long as
Rabbi Menashe's ultimate goal was to correct all that is wrong in the
Rabbi Menashe could never differentiate his well being from the common
It was then that his father was preparing to go pray at the synagogue,
Rabbi menashe often cried out to God, imploring him to help him
Tormented by these social queries, he knew no peace, until he found
One day, rabbi Menashe visited a town nearby the city of Smorgon,
When the great contreversy broke out between the Hasidim and the
Avrom or Avreml Brudno was a well-known musician and composer in the
Katsherginski, S. & Leivick, H. eds., Lider fun di Getos un Lagern,
I’d love nothing more than to piece all of our parts together into one big tree!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
From: Jared Brudno <email@example.com>
Abraham Brudno owned the cigar factory mentioned by Yahadut Lita on