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Pictoral History of Jewish Vilna
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#vilna_hist-1: Next to two German soldiers, boys sell the "Wilnauer Zeitung," a German newspaper. 1915 WWI Vilna.

#vilna_hist-2: Studio portrait of the delegation of the Vilna Aid Committee in America: three visitors from America come to bring aid to war survivors of the many wars in the area, starting with WWI and the wars between Lithuania, Poland, and the Soviet Union. May 1, Vilna, 1921.
#vilna_hist-3: Outdoor portrait of teachers and activists who led "the big school parade" (written in Yiddish): (2nd row from bottom, l to r) Helena Khatskeles (3), Dr. Zemach Shabad (Szabad)(4), Pats (5); Mazo (10); (3rd row, near center in white hat) Rivka Gordon (Tolpin). vilna 1917.
#vilna_hist-4: Studio portrait: "A group of young [Jewish Socialist] Bundists." vilna 1905.
#vilna_hist-5: Portrait of Jewish porters sitting next to the municipal theater: (German signs, left to right) "Guard your speech against the danger of spies..." and "Vilna Newspaper."
#vilna_hist-6: Outdoor portrait of participants at the founding conference of the Democratic Folkist Party. 1926
#vilna_hist-7: Dr. Ignacy Schipper, historian, and other prominent scholars.
vilna 1929.
#vilna_hist-8: Informal outdoor portrait of students from a Tarbut gymnasium
on a Tu-Bishvat excursion in Vilna. 1939
#vilna_hist-9: "Residents of Kovno who were exiled from their home town by the Russians during the war found a welcome in Vilna. This party was temporarily housed in a synagogue." vilna 1924
#vilna_hist-10: Studio portrait of members of the first Jewish school of
drama in Vilna, founded by Mrs. Jedwabnik.1929
#vilna_hist-11: German Street, the Jewish business center of Vilna.1931.
#vilna_hist-12: An old man at his work bench looks up from his mending. "He makes a living from patching up old shoes." One of the "Jewish livelihoods in Vilna" ('Jewish Daily Forward' Yiddish caption).1923.
#vilna_hist-13: "On the synagogue courtyard. Poor people sit on the steps of the Old Synagogue and beg for alms from those who come to pray." 1923.
#vilna_hist-14: Studio portrait of Vilna Bundists. These Vilna tailors were active in the revolutionary movement.
#vilna_hist-15: Studio portrait: a "revolutionary circle", including (3rd from left) Kalmen the 'Prikazhtshik' (steward), one of the famous revolutionaries of that time, (far left) Meyer Weinstein.
#vilna_hist-16:Outdoor portrait of Zemach Shabad (Szabad) (standing), son of Yosef Szabad, with his wife Stefania and others. Shabad (1864-1935) was a prominent physician and a leader of the Folkist Party, member of the Polish Parliament, and a founder of YIVO in Vilna.
#vilna_hist-17: Children in a gymnastics class at the Kuperstein School for Girls of the CEBEKA (Central Education Committee). Principal Fludermacher. 1936.
#vilna_hist-18: Group portrait of Henry Morgenthau with American officers. Morgenthau headed a commission sent by President Wilson to investigate antisemitic pogroms and the conditions of the Jews in the newly formed Polish republic. Vilna 1919.
#vilna_hist-19: A child and adults eat soup at a food kitchen for Jewish refugees from Germany, on Zawalna Street. 1939.
#vilna_hist-20: Paid mourners at the Jewish cemetery. 1924
#vilna_hist-21: Exiles of Kovno waiting for help at Vilna. (At the approach of the Germans during WWI, the Russian army drove the Jewish residents from Kovno and they escaped to Vilna.) 1914.
#vilna_hist-22: A view down Fish Market Street into the city. A group of women sit on the curb among baskets. The sign (right) reads in German and Polish, "Steam Baths."
#vilna_hist-23: A young man paddling a kayak on a flooded residential street.
#vilna_hist-24: Vilna scenes. 1920s.
#vilna_hist-25: A group of Jewish homeless children posing barefoot in a line outdoors. pre-1920s.
#vilna_hist-26: Studio portrait of unidentified Jewish young women dressed as school girls, holding hands.
#vilna_hist-27: The crowd walking past closed doors on 'Yatkever' (Butcher) Street. Streets Of Vilna During The Protest Strike Against Persecutions Of Jews In Poland.
#vilna_hist-28: Boys entering the Mefitzah Haskalah (Disseminators of the Enlightenment) school, in which modern Hebrew and Jewish history were taught. 1929.


Members of the Judenrat in Ghetto Vilna (Ordnungdienst, Jewish Ghetto
Amdurski J., Anolik Israel, Bert Leizer,Gebstein M.,Gordon S.,
Glaz K., Gens Jacob, Grossman K., Dawidowski J., Dessler Salek -
David, Halpern S., Zamski M., Kagan M., Luski Ch., Lipow A., Landau
Shmuel, Levas - Lev Meir, Margolis Oriasz, Slucki A., Korchowski J.,
Rak L., Rudaszycki J.,
Rasianski J., Szturman G., Szmulewic Meir