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Encyclopedia of World Biography(c) on Chaim Weizmann
Encyclopedia of World Biography(c) on Chaim Weizmann
The Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann (1874-1952) was president of the
World Zionist Organization and first president of the state of Israel.

Chaim Weizmann, son of Oizer and Rachel Weizmann, was born on Nov. 2,
1874, in Motele, Russia. After receiving a religious education, Chaim
was admitted to the gymnasium of Pinsk, where he continued his Hebraic
studies. At the age of 18, he received his baccalaureate. He majored
in chemistry at the universities of Darmstadt and Berlin, and he
received his doctor of science degree from the University of Freiburg
in 1900. From 1900 to 1904 Weizmann was a lecturer in chemistry at the
University of Geneva and from 1904 to 1916 a lecturer in biochemistry
at the University of Manchester.

While in Switzerland, Weizmann joined the active Zionist leadership.
He participated in all Zionist congresses after 1898 and was a
delegate after 1901. He urged a synthesis of settlement, cultural
work, and political propaganda to secure international recognition of
Zionist goals in Palestine. He opposed the British proposal for Jewish
settlement in Uganda. As an exponent of cultural Zionism, Weizmann
suggested the creation of a Hebrew University in Palestine. The
university opened in Jerusalem in 1925. In appreciation of his efforts
in building the university, he was elected its honorary president.

During World War I, Weizmann, because of his connections with British
authorities, emerged as the leader of the Zionist movement.

As a result of his efforts, the British government issued on Nov. 2,
1917, the Balfour Declaration, in which it declared its support of the
establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. As the head of a
Jewish delegation, Weizmann appeared before the Paris Peace Conference
in 1919 and submitted the Zionist claims to Palestine. These claims
were recognized by the League of Nations, and the British government
was appointed to further Jewish settlement and to assist the
development of a Jewish national home there.
In 1921 Weizmann was elected president of the World Zionist
Organization, a post he held until 1931 and later from 1935 to 1946.
When the Jewish Agency for Palestine was established in 1929, he
served simultaneously as its president. In this dual capacity, he
cooperated with Great Britain except for a time in 1930, when he
resigned from his Zionist post in protest against the new British
policy curtailing Jewish immigration to Palestine. After 1946, in
spite of his unofficial position, Weizmann served with the Jewish
Agency's delegation before the United Nations Special Committee for
Palestine in October 1947. When Israel was proclaimed an independent
state, he was elected the president of its Provisional Council of
State. After the elections to the Parliament, he was elected, on Feb.
17, 1949, as Israel's first president, and he was reelected on Nov.
19, 1951.

In addition to his political activity, Weizmann also engaged in
scholarly scientific work. He founded the Sief Research Institute in
Rehovoth and served as its director from 1932 to 1952. This institute
was later enlarged and named the Weizmann Institute of Science.

During his terms of office as president, he was in poor health and
could not perform many of his official duties. He died in office on
Nov. 9, 1952.


World of Chemistry(c) on Chaim Weizmann
Chaim Weizmann was born on November 17, 1874, in Motol, Russia. In
1885, he migrated to Pinsk to attend high school, where he spent his
spare time in Zionist activities. He later became President of the
World Zionist Organization in 1921, President of the Hebrew University
in 1932, and served as first President of the new State of Israel from
its establishment in 1948 to his death in 1952.

After obtaining his higher education in Germany (Darmstadt Polytechnic
Institute, 1893-94; Charlottenburg Polytechnic Institute, 1893-97) and
Switzerland (University of Fribourg, 1897-99; Ph.D. 1899), he taught
as a Privat-Dozent (unsalaried lecturer) at the University of Geneva
and carried out basic and applied research at Manchester University,
supplemented by industrial research. Weizmann became a British citizen
in 1910.

A quest for synthetic rubber led to Weizmann's classic work on
fermentation as a source of acetone in 1915, which was urgently needed
by the British government for the manufacture of cordite (smokeless
powder) during World War I. At the behest of the First Lord of the
Admiralty, Winston Churchill, Weizmann's discovery of the acid-
resistant microorganism Clostridium acetobutylicum used in the
Weizmann process was utilized on an enormous scale in England, Canada,
and the United States. This rapid wartime expansion from research
laboratories to facilities which focused on industry was not only
unique among the use of microbiological processes. It was also the
forerunner of the production of penicillin during World War II and
biotechnological processes of the present.

The first diplomatic act of international recognition of Zionism, the
Balfour Declaration (1917) came about largely as a result of
Weizmann's scientific and political efforts. Weizmann pursued his
scientific research, along with his political activities, until the
end of his life. In his later years he worked at the Weizmann
Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, where he died on November 9,


Name: Vera Rebecca Chatzmann
Year of Registration: 1906
Quarter of Registration: Oct-Nov-Dec
District: Prestwich
County: Lancashire
Volume: 8d

-- married;
Name: Chaim Weizmann
Year of Registration: 1906
Quarter of Registration: Oct-Nov-Dec
District: Prestwich
County: Lancashire
Volume: 8d
Page: 723

Name: Chaim Weizmann
Departure Date: 20 Mrz 1906 (20 Mar 1906)
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1876
Age Year: 30
Gender: männlich (Male)
Marital Status: verheiratet (Married)
Family: Household members
Residence: Neuhof
Ethnicity/Nationality: Russland (Russian)
Occupation: Schlosser, Geselle

Ship Name: Armenia
Shipping Line: Hamburg-Amerika Linie (Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft)
Ship Type: Dampfschiff
Accommodation: Zwischendeck
Ship Flag: Deutschland (Germany)
Port of Departure: Hamburg
Port of Arrival: New York

Volume: 373-7 I, VIII A 1 Band 176
Page: 631
Weizmann was survived by his wife Vera nee Khatzmann, and by his elder son Benyamin. His younger son, Michael, was killed in air action during World War II.
February 1942: Michael Weizmann, son of Dr. Chaim Weizmann, is killed over the North Sea, flying for the British Royal Air Force.
Chaim Weizmann

Chaim WeizmannAKA Chaim Azriel Weizmann

Born: 27-Nov-1874
Birthplace: Motyl, Russia
Died: 9-Nov-1952
Location of death: Rehovot, Israel
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Rehovot, Israel

Uncle of Ezer Weizman, President of Israel from 1993 to 2000. He was originally a research chemist. In 1911 Weizmann found that bacteria could be used to formulate acetone, a critical ingredient to Cordite. This discovery was of critical importance during World War I.

Father: Oizer Weizmann
Mother: Rachel Weizmann
Sister: Anna Weizmann (d. 1965)
Sister: Maria Weizmann
Wife: Vera Khatzmann (m. 1906)
Son: Benyamin
Son: Michael

University: Polytechnic Institute of Darmstaat, Germany
University: PhD Chemistry, University of Freiburg (1899)
Professor: University of Freiburg
Professor: University of Geneva, Switzerland (1901-03)
Professor: University of Manchester
Administrator: Hebrew University, Jerusalem

President of Israel 1948-52
World Zionist Organization
Naturalized UK Citizen
Jewish Ancestry