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Anatoly Yitzchak Rubin was born in 1928 in Minsk, Belarus, the
youngest of four children in a traditional family. His father,
Pinchas, worked at an organization supporting orphans.

After the German invasion, Anatoly, his mother, Ethel, and his
sisters, Tamar and Betty, were imprisoned in the Minsk ghetto. Pinchas
had been killed searching for his family en route to Moscow. Anatoly's
eldest brother, Chaim, had joined the Red Army.

Tamar worked outside the ghetto and managed to bring back snippets of
food and news. During an aktion in November 1941, the family was
rounded up. Tamar and Anatoly managed to sneak out from the rows of
people marching towards the mass graves. Tamar joined the partisans,
but was informed upon and killed by the Germans. Ethel and Betty were
murdered at Tuchinka. Anatoly returned to the ghetto and sustained
himself on scraps of food left over from the Germans.

In March 1942, Anatoly escaped once more from the death pits. He made
his way to the village of Dobrushino using some Russian papers his
father's friend had given him. Chancing upon partisans, he asked if he
could join them, but instead encountered rampant antisemitism and was
nearly killed. In 1944, after the Red Army liberated the area, Anatoly
returned to Minsk, only to learn that out of his entire family, only
one aunt and her four children had survived the war.

Anatoly trained to be an electrician. In 1946, during the Stalinist
persecution of Jews, he was sentenced to five-year imprisonment in
Siberia. He was released 18 months later and returned to Minsk, where
raging antisemitism strengthened his interest in the State of Israel.
He met an Israeli delegation in Moscow, and established contact with
Israeli diplomats.

In 1958, Anatoly was falsely accused of conspiring to assassinate
Khrushchev and of spreading "anti-Soviet propaganda." At his trial, he
delivered a defiant speech declaring his dream to go to Israel. He was
sentenced to six years in prison with forced labor, which he served in
Mordovia. After his release, he continued to receive and distribute
books and records about Israel. He finally immigrated to Israel in

In Israel, Anatoly taught Physical Education and took an active part
in the struggle for Soviet Jewry. He met and married Karni; the couple
has two children and three grandchildren.

For more information, click here:

Jewish Partisans - Escaping the Gestapo from 'Interviews from the Underground' by Phillip Allo

Uploaded by philalloy on Nov 26, 2008
Bronya Gofman's harrowing account of her escape from the Minsk ghetto and eluding the Gestapo while a member of the Jewish resistance during World War II. Filmed on site in Minsk, Belarus. Features historical and primary documentation. More at www.jewishpartisans.net