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Eliyahu Kitov

Eliyahu Kitov
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Rabbi Avraham Eliyahu Mokotovsky (22 March 1912 - 7 February 1976), better known as Eliyahu Kitov, was a Rabbi, educator, and community activist. He was born in Warsaw in 1912 as Abraham Eliyahu Mokotow

His younger years were spent in the town of Opole Lubelski, where he learned in a cheder and a beis midrash. Most of his education was from his father, R. Michael, who was a Chassid and had a great influence in forming his personality.

At the age of 17, he left Opole Lubelski and moved back to Warsaw. There he studied in a beis midrash, worked at backbreaking jobs, while also doing public work for Agudath Israel of Poland. In his capacity as an educator, he gave lectures in Talmud, Tanach and Jewish thought. At that time, he also worked on a volunteer basis in secular Jewish schools for abandoned children, until his Aliya [immigration] to Israel in 1936.

Upon his immigration to Israel, he worked in construction. As a Chareidi Jew, he was extremely dissatisfied with the terrible conditions the Chareidi workers experienced, and helped establish the Union of Agudath Israel workers (Poalei Agudat Yisrael). In addition to its concern for finding steady work for its members, this group eventually established cooperative factories of its own, in the fields of construction and industry. Rav Kitov engaged in this endeavor on a volunteer basis, alongside his own work in construction.

In 1941 he established a school for Chareidi children, where he served as principal for about eight years. At the same time, he became very involved with public affairs, editing the Poalei Agudat Yisrael newspaper, HaKol [The Voice]. In this journal he published hundreds of articles, under various names, on a wide variety of subjects. In these writings one can discern the budding of his writing capabilities that were to follow in his many books later on.

In 1954, eighteen years after he immigrated to Israel, he left politics and public works and began to write full time. Despite a lack of funds, he established a small publishing house called Aleph Institute Publications (now Yad Eliyahu Kitov), through which he published his various books.

From then until the end of his life, some twenty years, his main activity was writing and editing. However, at times he would get involved in education: giving guidance to teachers, lectures and publishing articles, mostly in the United States.


* Chassidim v'Anshei Ma'aseh – 5 volumes of Chassidic stories, 1956-1957, 1966. Two of these have been translated by M. Zakon and published in English as "In the Lion's Den," and "Sharp as a Needle."
* Ish U'Beiso, 1957 - translated into English by Rabbi Nachman Bulman as "A Jew and his Home."
* Sefer HaToda'ah - His most famous work, translated into English by Rabbi Nachman Bulman as "The Book of Our Heritage."
* Sefer HaParshiyos 1961-76 – a rich, comprehensive set on the weekly Torah portions. Although it is mainly based on Midrash and Talmud, early Biblical commentaries, and Chassidic texts, the imprint of the author is noticeable, and many of his own insights are blended into the text.


Rabbi Kitov had four sons, Oded, Shalom Zvi z"l, Yehoshua and Zurishadai z"l, whose families live in Jerusalem; and three daughters, Rachel (Kitzes) and Ruth (Ben Arza), who also live in Jerusalem; and Na'ama (Nothman), who lives in South Africa. Many of them and/or their spouses continue to inspire the next generation with his teachings.

Family History

There is much misinformation about the family history of Eliyahu Kitov. Literature states he was born Abraham Eliyahu Mokotovsky in Warsaw. In fact, he was born Abraham Eliyahu Mokotow and used the surname Mokotow as late as 1953 when he made a trip to the United States. His Polish passport, which he surrendered upon immigrating to Palestine, shows his name as Mokotow.

He was born 22 Mar 1912, most likely in Opole Lubelski, Poland, one of at least ten children, the majority born in Josefow nad Wisla, Poland. The sibling who was just older than him was born in Zaklikow, Poland, and the sibling just younger than him was born in Opole Lubelski. All these towns are near each other and some distance from Warsaw. If he was born in Warsaw, his parents most likely were visiting there at the time.

He was the son of Michal Mokotow and Rachel Samburski. His father ws born on 22 November 1871 in Polaniec, Poland. This town is in the vicinity of the three previously named towns. Michal's father's name was Chaim Tuvia Mokotow, born about 1842. His father's name was Icek Mokotow, born 10 Jun 1809, in Warka, Poland. His father's name was Tuvia David Mokotow, born about 1774. His father's name was Moszek Aronowicz who died on 25 July 1810 in Warka, Poland, at age 83.
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