Warsaw Home Page
Warsaw Stories Menu
Warsaw Stories
Jan Tomasz Gross

Jan T. Gross
Jan Tomasz Gross
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jan Tomasz Gross (born December 8, 1947) is a Polish American historian and sociologist. His recent works (e.g. "Neighbors" and "Fear") are highly controversial, particularly in Poland
Jan GrossHe was born in Warsaw, Poland, to a Polish mother, who was a member of the Polish resistance (Armia Krajowa)[1] and a Polish-Jewish father, former PPS member. His mother risking her own life, helped his father to survive the Nazi occupation in Poland. They married after the war. Jan Tomasz Gross studied physics at Warsaw University. Arrested for five months and expelled from the university for his participation in Polish student and intellectual protests in 1968, he emigrated with his parents to the United States in 1969, following the anti-semitic campaign launched by Poland's ruling communist party. In 1975 he earned a Ph.D. in sociology from Yale University, and has taught at Yale, NYU, and Paris. He gained US citizenship and currently teaches history at Princeton University.Gross was also awarded Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, [2] an award granted to foreigners for their exceptional role in cooperation between Poland and other nations. He was also a Senior Fulbright Research, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial, and Rockefeller Humanities Fellow. ControversyHe is best known for his 2001 book on the Jedwabne massacre, "Neighbors", which examined a pogrom against the Polish Jews in
Jedwabne village in Nazi-occupied Poland. In his book Gross argued that the massacre was perpetrated by Poles and not by the German occupiers, as previously assumed. The claims were the subject of vigorous debate in Poland.[3] A subsequent investigation conducted by the Polish Institute of National Remembrance largely supported Gross' conclusions about the massacre[4] and only differed on technical details such as the number of victims.[5]His most recent book "Fear - Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz", which deals with anti-Semitism and violence against Jews in post-war Poland was published in the United States in 2006. Its Polish version, published in 2008, got mixed media reception and began a debate about anti-Semitism in post war Poland.[4] It has been welcomed by some historians[citation needed] and media, e.g. "Gazeta Wyborcza" but at the same time was sharply criticized in other papers, and by historians accusing Gross of coming up with conclusions before completing full research, ignoring sources which did not confirm his own views, neglecting the wider context of the event, misinterpreting data (for example counting a traffic accident death as an anti-Semitic attack) to reach his conclusion, using inflammatory language and labeling all of postwar Polish society as anti-Semitic. [6][7]Very few in Poland argue however with the facts Gross presented in his book, but many dispute his interpretation - even some Polish Jews who lived through the trauma of the war and postwar years such as Marek Edelman, one of the last living leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising who said in an interview with the Gazeta Wyborcza daily "Postwar violence against Jews was mostly not about anti-Semitism, murdering Jews was pure banditry"[8PublicationsBooks * Gross, Jan Tomasz (1979). Polish Society Under German Occupation - Generalgouvernement, 1939-1944. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (1984). W czterdziestym nas matko na Sybir zes³ali .... London: Aneks.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (1998). Upiorna dekada, 1939-1948. Trzy eseje o stereotypach na temat ¯ydów, Polaków, Niemców i komunistów. Kraków: Universitas.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (1998). Upiorna dekada, 1939-1948. Trzy eseje o stereotypach na temat ¯ydów, Polaków, Niemców i komunistów. Kraków: Universitas.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (1999). Studium zniewolenia. Kraków: Universitas.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (2000). The Politics of Retribution in Europe: World War II and Its Aftermath. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (2001). Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-14-200240-2. Polish version of the book online
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (2003). Revolution from Abroad. The Soviet Conquest of Poland's Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia.. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09603-1.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (2003). Wokó³ S±siadów. Polemiki i wyja¶nienia (in Polish). Sejny: Pogranicze. ISBN 8386872489.
* Gross, Jan Tomasz (2006). Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz. Random House. ISBN 0-375-50924-0. Other * "Lato 1941 w Jedwabnem. Przyczynek do badan nad udzialem spolecznosci lokalnych w eksterminacji narodu zydowskiego w latach II wojny swiatowej," in Non-provincial Europe, Krzysztof Jasiewicz ed., Warszawa - London: Rytm, ISP PAN, 1999, pp. 1097-1103Notes 1. ^ Piotr Zychowicz, Oko w oko z t³uszcz±, Rzeczpospolita, January 26, 2008 (Polish)
2. ^ [1]
3. ^ Norman Davies describes "Neighbors" as "deeply unfair to Poles". Source: Davies: "Strach" to nie analiza, lecz publicystyka, Gazeta Wyborcza, January 21, 2008 (Polish)
4. ^ a b Craig Whitlock, A Scholar's Legal Peril in Poland, Washington Post Foreign Service, Friday, January 18, 2008; Page A14
5. ^ Postanowienie o umorzeniu ¶ledztwa IPN, June 30, 2003 (Polish)
6. ^ Marek Jan Chodakiewicz: People's past has to be reviewed critically on individual basis, Rzeczpospolita, January 11, 2008 (English)
7. ^ Piotr Gontarczyk, Far From Truth, Rzeczpospolita, January 12, 2008 (English)
8. ^ [2] External links * Profile at History Department, Princeton University
* "100 Falsehoods of J.T. Gross (1 - 3)" by Professor Jerzy Robert Nowak
* "Gross versus the facts" - ("Zycie", 1 February 2001) - selected fragments
* "The silk road of lies", a historian Leszek Zebrowski about Gross's "Neighbors"
* "Ultimate debunking of Gross" by Professor Tomasz Strzembosz
* "Lies and Distortions (part 1)" by Professor Jerzy Robert Nowak
* "Lies and Distortions (part 2)" by Professor Jerzy Robert Nowak

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_T._Gross"