· Lviv, Ukraine
11 11 2017 Earlier today in Lviv, two memorial plaques were unveiled for two extraordinary individuals who revolutionized the way humanity thinks about justice and human rights. They were prominent international lawyers who served on the prosecution team at the Nuremberg Trial. Thanks to them, the concepts of "genocide" and "crimes against humanity" became inextricable part of international law.
These two men, Hirsch Lauterpacht (put "crimes against humanity" into international law) and Rafael Lemkin (created the term "genocide" and was the father of the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Genocide), likely didn't know each other. Yet, they both spent formative parts of their lives in Lviv, got crucial aspects of their legal education at Lviv University, and even studied with the same professors. Both were Jewish and lost virtually their entire families in the Holocaust. Both came to play crucial roles in securing justice at Nuremberg. The drama of their interwoven lives as it played out in Lviv and internationally is described in Philippe Sands's page turner of a book "East-West Street," which just got published in Ukrainian and is being translated into 15 other languages.
Very powerful to see Lviv come together to honor the memory of these people - and an honor for the Kennan Institute to have co-sponsored the events here, including the symposium "Rights, Justice, and Memories of the City," the unveiling of the plaques, and the sold-out musical event at the Lviv Philharmonic dramatizing the story (a separate post coming about that). In photos and video - Philippe Sands; Mayor of Lviv Andriy Sadovyi; members of the Lauterpach and Lemkin family (who came to Lviv for the first time ever); world-famous scholars of international law and justice; and others. And huge kudos to ????? ??????? ??????? , its director Sofia Dyak, and the rest of her amazing team for having created an opportunity for the city to come together to restore and take ownership of collective memory of an important chapter in its life.
Mayhill Courtney Fowler
Blair Ruble Vladislav Davidzon Prokip Andrian Roman Kalytchak
My father, Chaim Friedman was from Sasow, Poland. He recently passed away at 94 years old from the Covid virus.
His father, David Friedman, and his wife was Chaya Friedman.
His wife's maiden name was Ross. His entire family was killed during the Holocaust. He also had a younger brother and sister whom I think were sent to the concentration camps. My father was sent to a work camp and escaped, saving his life.
Many years ago, he told me he registered his
family at Yad Vashem. Can I check this? My father lived in Sasiv, Poland when the Nazi's overtook Poland. He was only
13 years old at the time. To his knowledge, his whole family perished in the holocaust.
My father often mentioned that his uncle and aunt (Their last name was either Ross or Friedman) had a large beer factory in Lemberg (Lvov), Zolochov,
or somewhere nearby. The beer was supposedly very popular. He said the name of the beer
was Ochinsky beer. That is how my father pronounced it in English. Have you ever heard of it?
Or do you have any information on the beer or the family?
Your response will be greatly appreciated.
David Friedman (Florida, UNITED STATES)